Borrowing and selling to pay for health care in low- and middle-income countries

Margaret E. Kruk, Emily Goldmann, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many families around the world make sizable out-of-pocket payments for health care. We calculated the frequency of borrowing money or selling assets to buy health services in forty low- and middle-income countries and estimated how various factors are associated with these coping strategies. The data represented a combined population of 3.66 billion, or 58 percent of the world's population. On average, 25.9 percent of households borrowed money or sold items to pay for health care. The risk was higher among the poorest households and in countries with less health insurance. Health systems in developing countries are failing to protect families from the financial risks of seeking health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1056-1066
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Affairs
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

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Delivery of Health Care
Health Insurance
Health Expenditures
Population
Developing Countries
Health Services
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Borrowing and selling to pay for health care in low- and middle-income countries. / Kruk, Margaret E.; Goldmann, Emily; Galea, Sandro.

In: Health Affairs, Vol. 28, No. 4, 07.2009, p. 1056-1066.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kruk, Margaret E. ; Goldmann, Emily ; Galea, Sandro. / Borrowing and selling to pay for health care in low- and middle-income countries. In: Health Affairs. 2009 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 1056-1066.
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