Bone health of immigrant Chinese women living in New York City

Rajeev K. Babbar, Anuj B. Handa, Chung Man Lo, Sally Guttmacher, Richard Shindledecker, Waiwah Chung, Cathy Fong, Henrietta Ho-Asjoe, Rengina Chan-Ting, L. Beth Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a serious national and global public health problem, but data on bone health are limited for Asian women living in the U.S., the majority of whom are Chinese. For this study, we measured bone mineral density (BMD) by dual energy X-ray densitometry (DXA) at the lumbar spine and hip region in 300 immigrant Chinese women, ages 40-90 y, living in New York City. We also collected demographic and health data, information about knowledge and care for osteoporosis, and anthropometric measures, and estimated calcium intake from the women. In our sample, 55% had osteoporosis and 38% had low bone mass (osteopenia). Older age, lower body mass index (BMI), and shorter height were associated with lower BMD at all sites. Years lived in the U.S. and number of children were also associated with lower BMD of the lumbar spine. Chinese women who emigrated from Mainland China had lower BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck than Chinese women who emigrated from Hong Kong, after adjusting for potential confounders. Both groups of immigrant women had lower BMD at all sites than a national sample of U.S. Caucasian women. Although the women in our study had generally poor knowledge about osteoporosis, most could identify at least one food rich in calcium. The large number of immigrant Chinese women in New York City with osteoporosis calls for major efforts to increase awareness, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition in this susceptible population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-23
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

immigrant
bone disease
Bone and Bones
Health
Bone Density
Osteoporosis
health
Spine
Calcium
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Femur Neck
Photon Absorptiometry
Hong Kong
number of children
Caucasian
Hip
China
Body Mass Index
Public Health
public health

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Chinese women
  • Immigrant
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Babbar, R. K., Handa, A. B., Lo, C. M., Guttmacher, S., Shindledecker, R., Chung, W., ... Dixon, L. B. (2006). Bone health of immigrant Chinese women living in New York City. Journal of Community Health, 31(1), 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-005-8186-y

Bone health of immigrant Chinese women living in New York City. / Babbar, Rajeev K.; Handa, Anuj B.; Lo, Chung Man; Guttmacher, Sally; Shindledecker, Richard; Chung, Waiwah; Fong, Cathy; Ho-Asjoe, Henrietta; Chan-Ting, Rengina; Dixon, L. Beth.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 31, No. 1, 02.2006, p. 7-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Babbar, RK, Handa, AB, Lo, CM, Guttmacher, S, Shindledecker, R, Chung, W, Fong, C, Ho-Asjoe, H, Chan-Ting, R & Dixon, LB 2006, 'Bone health of immigrant Chinese women living in New York City', Journal of Community Health, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-005-8186-y
Babbar, Rajeev K. ; Handa, Anuj B. ; Lo, Chung Man ; Guttmacher, Sally ; Shindledecker, Richard ; Chung, Waiwah ; Fong, Cathy ; Ho-Asjoe, Henrietta ; Chan-Ting, Rengina ; Dixon, L. Beth. / Bone health of immigrant Chinese women living in New York City. In: Journal of Community Health. 2006 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 7-23.
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