Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions

Hillel Aviezer, Yaacov Trope, Alexander Todorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The distinction between positive and negative emotions is fundamental in emotion models. Intriguingly, neurobiological work suggests shared mechanisms across positive and negative emotions. We tested whether similar overlap occurs in real-life facial expressions. During peak intensities of emotion, positive and negative situations were successfully discriminated from isolated bodies but not faces. Nevertheless, viewers perceived illusory positivity or negativity in the nondiagnostic faces when seen with bodies. To reveal the underlying mechanisms, we created compounds of intense negative faces combined with positive bodies, and vice versa. Perceived affect and mimicry of the faces shifted systematically as a function of their contextual body emotion. These findings challenge standard models of emotion expression and highlight the role of the body in expressing and perceiving emotions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1225-1229
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume338
Issue number6111
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2012

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Facial Expression
Cues
Emotions

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Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. / Aviezer, Hillel; Trope, Yaacov; Todorov, Alexander.

In: Science, Vol. 338, No. 6111, 30.11.2012, p. 1225-1229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aviezer, Hillel ; Trope, Yaacov ; Todorov, Alexander. / Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. In: Science. 2012 ; Vol. 338, No. 6111. pp. 1225-1229.
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