Biogeographic patterns of reef fish community structure in the northeastern Arabian Peninsula

John Burt, David A. Feary, Andrew G. Bauman, Paolo Usseglio, Georgenes H. Cavalcante, Peter F. Sale

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This study provides the first large-scale comparison of reef-associated fish communities in the northeastern Arabian Peninsula, with 24 sites spanning >3000 km of coastline in the southern Persian Gulf, the western Gulf of Oman, and the northwestern Arabian Sea, each with its own unique environmental conditions. Multivariate analyses revealed three distinct community types that were represented mainly by sites within each major water body, with >70% dissimilarity in community structure between each. Persian Gulf communities had low species richness, abundance, and biomass of reef fish compared with the other subregions, with communities dominated by herbivores and generalist predators that had little association with live coral. Reef fish biomass in the Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea was comparable, and communities were dominated by fish with moderate coral association. However, there were relatively more herbivores and larger fish in the Arabian Sea than in the Gulf of Oman, where communities were dominated by planktivores. Species richness was highest in the Arabian Sea when differences in abundance among regions were accounted for. The influence of distinct environmental and oceanographic conditions on reef fish community structure in each of these areas is discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1875-1883
    Number of pages9
    JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
    Volume68
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

    Fingerprint

    Arabian Sea
    Oman
    reefs
    community structure
    reef
    Persian Gulf
    fish
    corals
    herbivores
    species diversity
    herbivore
    biomass
    coral
    species richness
    body water
    planktivore
    predators
    coasts
    generalist
    environmental factors

    Keywords

    • Arabian Gulf
    • biogeography
    • Gulf of Oman
    • Persian Gulf
    • reef fish
    • zoogeography

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oceanography
    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Ecology
    • Aquatic Science

    Cite this

    Burt, J., Feary, D. A., Bauman, A. G., Usseglio, P., Cavalcante, G. H., & Sale, P. F. (2011). Biogeographic patterns of reef fish community structure in the northeastern Arabian Peninsula. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68(9), 1875-1883. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsr129

    Biogeographic patterns of reef fish community structure in the northeastern Arabian Peninsula. / Burt, John; Feary, David A.; Bauman, Andrew G.; Usseglio, Paolo; Cavalcante, Georgenes H.; Sale, Peter F.

    In: ICES Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 68, No. 9, 01.09.2011, p. 1875-1883.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Burt, J, Feary, DA, Bauman, AG, Usseglio, P, Cavalcante, GH & Sale, PF 2011, 'Biogeographic patterns of reef fish community structure in the northeastern Arabian Peninsula', ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 1875-1883. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsr129
    Burt, John ; Feary, David A. ; Bauman, Andrew G. ; Usseglio, Paolo ; Cavalcante, Georgenes H. ; Sale, Peter F. / Biogeographic patterns of reef fish community structure in the northeastern Arabian Peninsula. In: ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2011 ; Vol. 68, No. 9. pp. 1875-1883.
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