Biochemical properties of amylase isozymes from Gammarus palustris. A comparative study

M. M. Guarna, R. L. Borowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two major α-amylase isozymes from Gammarus palustris were purified and characterized. These isozymes, Amy Iw and Amy Ic, exhibit a seasonal pattern of expression. In this article we investigate whether the seasonal variation has an adaptive significance. In addition, the species-specific properties of amylases were studied. Purification of the isozymes was achieved by sequential glycogen-ethanol precipitation, Sephadex G-200 and ion exchange chromatography. Characterization in terms of Km, activity patterns at different temperatures, pH values and salt concentrations was done for both isozymes. In addition, the distribution of enzymatic products was analyzed in a high-performance liquid chromatography system. In all conditions tested, the two isozymes gave similar results. This observation suggests that the seasonal change in amylase expression pattern does not result in enzymes differentially suited for seasonal variation in conditions. A comparative analysis showed that G. palustris amylases are apparently distinct from other amylases. These distinctions were seen as an unusually low Km value, an activity peak at low NaCl concentration, a relatively high pH optimum and the predominant formation of maltotriose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-628
Number of pages10
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part B: Biochemistry and
Volume112
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Amylases
Isoenzymes
Ion Exchange Chromatography
High performance liquid chromatography
Chromatography
Glycogen
Purification
Ion exchange
Ethanol
Salts
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Temperature
Enzymes

Keywords

  • Amphipod
  • Amylase
  • Characterization
  • Expression
  • Gammarus
  • Isozymes
  • Regulation
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Biochemical properties of amylase isozymes from Gammarus palustris. A comparative study",
abstract = "Two major α-amylase isozymes from Gammarus palustris were purified and characterized. These isozymes, Amy Iw and Amy Ic, exhibit a seasonal pattern of expression. In this article we investigate whether the seasonal variation has an adaptive significance. In addition, the species-specific properties of amylases were studied. Purification of the isozymes was achieved by sequential glycogen-ethanol precipitation, Sephadex G-200 and ion exchange chromatography. Characterization in terms of Km, activity patterns at different temperatures, pH values and salt concentrations was done for both isozymes. In addition, the distribution of enzymatic products was analyzed in a high-performance liquid chromatography system. In all conditions tested, the two isozymes gave similar results. This observation suggests that the seasonal change in amylase expression pattern does not result in enzymes differentially suited for seasonal variation in conditions. A comparative analysis showed that G. palustris amylases are apparently distinct from other amylases. These distinctions were seen as an unusually low Km value, an activity peak at low NaCl concentration, a relatively high pH optimum and the predominant formation of maltotriose.",
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N2 - Two major α-amylase isozymes from Gammarus palustris were purified and characterized. These isozymes, Amy Iw and Amy Ic, exhibit a seasonal pattern of expression. In this article we investigate whether the seasonal variation has an adaptive significance. In addition, the species-specific properties of amylases were studied. Purification of the isozymes was achieved by sequential glycogen-ethanol precipitation, Sephadex G-200 and ion exchange chromatography. Characterization in terms of Km, activity patterns at different temperatures, pH values and salt concentrations was done for both isozymes. In addition, the distribution of enzymatic products was analyzed in a high-performance liquid chromatography system. In all conditions tested, the two isozymes gave similar results. This observation suggests that the seasonal change in amylase expression pattern does not result in enzymes differentially suited for seasonal variation in conditions. A comparative analysis showed that G. palustris amylases are apparently distinct from other amylases. These distinctions were seen as an unusually low Km value, an activity peak at low NaCl concentration, a relatively high pH optimum and the predominant formation of maltotriose.

AB - Two major α-amylase isozymes from Gammarus palustris were purified and characterized. These isozymes, Amy Iw and Amy Ic, exhibit a seasonal pattern of expression. In this article we investigate whether the seasonal variation has an adaptive significance. In addition, the species-specific properties of amylases were studied. Purification of the isozymes was achieved by sequential glycogen-ethanol precipitation, Sephadex G-200 and ion exchange chromatography. Characterization in terms of Km, activity patterns at different temperatures, pH values and salt concentrations was done for both isozymes. In addition, the distribution of enzymatic products was analyzed in a high-performance liquid chromatography system. In all conditions tested, the two isozymes gave similar results. This observation suggests that the seasonal change in amylase expression pattern does not result in enzymes differentially suited for seasonal variation in conditions. A comparative analysis showed that G. palustris amylases are apparently distinct from other amylases. These distinctions were seen as an unusually low Km value, an activity peak at low NaCl concentration, a relatively high pH optimum and the predominant formation of maltotriose.

KW - Amphipod

KW - Amylase

KW - Characterization

KW - Expression

KW - Gammarus

KW - Isozymes

KW - Regulation

KW - Temperature

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