Biculturality and HIV-risk behaviors among puerto rican drug users in New York City

Sung Yeon Kang, Sherry Deren, Milton Mino, Dharma E. Cortés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Biculturality refers to two independent processes of acculturation, one to the host society's culture and another to the culture of origin. This study examined the relationship between biculturality and HIV-related risk behaviors in a sample of injecting and noninjecting Puerto Rican drug users (N = 259), recruited in New York City in 2005-2006. Biculturality was measured by two scales: involvement in (i) American culture (AMBIC) and (ii) Puerto Rican culture Biculturality (PRBIC). The majority (78%) of the participants were males, with a mean age of 42 years. About half were born in Puerto Rico, and the average length of stay in the United States was 26 years. In multiple logistic-regression analysis, AMBIC was significantly related to lower injection risk after controlling for other factors including gender, age, and MMTP enrollment, while PRBIC was a significant predictor of higher sex risk. Involvement in the host culture and the culture of origin differed in their relationship to risk behaviors, indicating that incorporating assessments of biculturality may be useful in assessing and addressing migrants' behaviors, including HIV-risk behaviors. The study's limitations have been noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-592
Number of pages15
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Drug Users
risk behavior
HIV
drug
Unsafe Sex
Puerto Rico
Acculturation
Hispanic Americans
Length of Stay
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Injections
acculturation
regression analysis
migrant
logistics
gender
society

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Biculturality
  • HIV-related risk behaviors
  • Puerto Rican migrant drug users

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Biculturality and HIV-risk behaviors among puerto rican drug users in New York City. / Kang, Sung Yeon; Deren, Sherry; Mino, Milton; Cortés, Dharma E.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 44, No. 4, 03.2009, p. 578-592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kang, Sung Yeon ; Deren, Sherry ; Mino, Milton ; Cortés, Dharma E. / Biculturality and HIV-risk behaviors among puerto rican drug users in New York City. In: Substance Use and Misuse. 2009 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 578-592.
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