Bending perception to desire: Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources

Jocelyn Belanger, Arie W. Kruglanski, Xiaoyan Chen, Edward Orehek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Determinants of motivated judgments were examined in this research. Three experiments investigated how dominant motivation, biasing difficulty and mental resources combine to produce motivationally congruent judgments. Studies 1 and 2 showed that where a biasing motivation is dominant the presence of resources can augment a motivational bias in judgment. Study 3 replicated that result and showed that resources contribute to the formation of biased judgments only where biasing is difficult to accomplish, but not where it is relatively easy to accomplish. In addition, Study 3 showed that where the accuracy motivation is dominant and biasing is the easy default, unbiased judgments will occur only in the presence (vs. absence) of resources. In contrast, where unbiased judgments are easy to come by, such judgments occur irrespective of resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-814
Number of pages13
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Motivation
Research

Keywords

  • Cognitive energetics theory
  • Cognitive resources
  • Decision making
  • Goals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Bending perception to desire : Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources. / Belanger, Jocelyn; Kruglanski, Arie W.; Chen, Xiaoyan; Orehek, Edward.

In: Motivation and Emotion, Vol. 38, No. 6, 01.01.2014, p. 802-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Belanger, Jocelyn ; Kruglanski, Arie W. ; Chen, Xiaoyan ; Orehek, Edward. / Bending perception to desire : Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources. In: Motivation and Emotion. 2014 ; Vol. 38, No. 6. pp. 802-814.
@article{6ba7c10d02574638978c06406a5e7820,
title = "Bending perception to desire: Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources",
abstract = "Determinants of motivated judgments were examined in this research. Three experiments investigated how dominant motivation, biasing difficulty and mental resources combine to produce motivationally congruent judgments. Studies 1 and 2 showed that where a biasing motivation is dominant the presence of resources can augment a motivational bias in judgment. Study 3 replicated that result and showed that resources contribute to the formation of biased judgments only where biasing is difficult to accomplish, but not where it is relatively easy to accomplish. In addition, Study 3 showed that where the accuracy motivation is dominant and biasing is the easy default, unbiased judgments will occur only in the presence (vs. absence) of resources. In contrast, where unbiased judgments are easy to come by, such judgments occur irrespective of resources.",
keywords = "Cognitive energetics theory, Cognitive resources, Decision making, Goals",
author = "Jocelyn Belanger and Kruglanski, {Arie W.} and Xiaoyan Chen and Edward Orehek",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11031-014-9436-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "802--814",
journal = "Motivation and Emotion",
issn = "0146-7239",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bending perception to desire

T2 - Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources

AU - Belanger, Jocelyn

AU - Kruglanski, Arie W.

AU - Chen, Xiaoyan

AU - Orehek, Edward

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Determinants of motivated judgments were examined in this research. Three experiments investigated how dominant motivation, biasing difficulty and mental resources combine to produce motivationally congruent judgments. Studies 1 and 2 showed that where a biasing motivation is dominant the presence of resources can augment a motivational bias in judgment. Study 3 replicated that result and showed that resources contribute to the formation of biased judgments only where biasing is difficult to accomplish, but not where it is relatively easy to accomplish. In addition, Study 3 showed that where the accuracy motivation is dominant and biasing is the easy default, unbiased judgments will occur only in the presence (vs. absence) of resources. In contrast, where unbiased judgments are easy to come by, such judgments occur irrespective of resources.

AB - Determinants of motivated judgments were examined in this research. Three experiments investigated how dominant motivation, biasing difficulty and mental resources combine to produce motivationally congruent judgments. Studies 1 and 2 showed that where a biasing motivation is dominant the presence of resources can augment a motivational bias in judgment. Study 3 replicated that result and showed that resources contribute to the formation of biased judgments only where biasing is difficult to accomplish, but not where it is relatively easy to accomplish. In addition, Study 3 showed that where the accuracy motivation is dominant and biasing is the easy default, unbiased judgments will occur only in the presence (vs. absence) of resources. In contrast, where unbiased judgments are easy to come by, such judgments occur irrespective of resources.

KW - Cognitive energetics theory

KW - Cognitive resources

KW - Decision making

KW - Goals

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84916228277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84916228277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11031-014-9436-z

DO - 10.1007/s11031-014-9436-z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84916228277

VL - 38

SP - 802

EP - 814

JO - Motivation and Emotion

JF - Motivation and Emotion

SN - 0146-7239

IS - 6

ER -