Bending perception to desire

Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources

Jocelyn Belanger, Arie W. Kruglanski, Xiaoyan Chen, Edward Orehek

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Determinants of motivated judgments were examined in this research. Three experiments investigated how dominant motivation, biasing difficulty and mental resources combine to produce motivationally congruent judgments. Studies 1 and 2 showed that where a biasing motivation is dominant the presence of resources can augment a motivational bias in judgment. Study 3 replicated that result and showed that resources contribute to the formation of biased judgments only where biasing is difficult to accomplish, but not where it is relatively easy to accomplish. In addition, Study 3 showed that where the accuracy motivation is dominant and biasing is the easy default, unbiased judgments will occur only in the presence (vs. absence) of resources. In contrast, where unbiased judgments are easy to come by, such judgments occur irrespective of resources.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)802-814
    Number of pages13
    JournalMotivation and Emotion
    Volume38
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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    Motivation
    Research

    Keywords

    • Cognitive energetics theory
    • Cognitive resources
    • Decision making
    • Goals

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

    Cite this

    Bending perception to desire : Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources. / Belanger, Jocelyn; Kruglanski, Arie W.; Chen, Xiaoyan; Orehek, Edward.

    In: Motivation and Emotion, Vol. 38, No. 6, 01.01.2014, p. 802-814.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Belanger, Jocelyn ; Kruglanski, Arie W. ; Chen, Xiaoyan ; Orehek, Edward. / Bending perception to desire : Effects of task demands, motivation, and cognitive resources. In: Motivation and Emotion. 2014 ; Vol. 38, No. 6. pp. 802-814.
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