Beliefs About the End of AIDS, Concerns About PrEP Functionality, and Perceptions of HIV Risk as Drivers of PrEP Use in Urban Sexual Minority Men: The P18 Cohort Study

Perry N. Halkitis, Jessica Jaiswal, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Kristen D. Krause, Paul D’Avanzo, Farzana Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Using cross-sectional data from an ongoing cohort study of young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (N = 492), we examined the extent to which cognitive factors such as beliefs about the end of AIDS, concerns about the manner in which PrEP works, and perceptions about risk of contracting HIV, are related to PrEP uptake and use. While almost all participants indicted awareness of PrEP, a mere 14% had ever used PrEP. Those with lower concerns about the side effects of PrEP and greater belief that treatment and PrEP would eliminate AIDS were also more likely to have ever used PrEP. Our findings support the ongoing challenges of PrEP uptake as means of curtailing HIV in young sexual minority men, and suggest that beyond the structural factors, consideration must be given to further educating the population as a means of adjusting potentially faulty beliefs, concerns, and perceptions which may influence PrEP utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3705-3717
Number of pages13
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018



  • Belief
  • Cognition
  • Concern
  • End of AIDS
  • Gay and bisexual
  • HIV
  • PrEP
  • Risk perception
  • Sexual minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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