Behavior changes after notification of HIV infection

P. D. Cleary, Nancy Van Devanter, T. F. Rogers, E. Singer, R. Shipton-Levy, M. Steilen, A. Stuart, J. Avorn, J. Pindyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. To learn more about how people who did not volunteer for testing react to information about HIV infection, we assessed short-term behavior changes in HIV-positive blood donors. Methods. Blood donors who were notified at the New York Blood Center that they were HIV positive were asked to participate in a study. A nurse elicited a medical history, performed a limited medical examination, and asked participants to complete a questionnaire that included questions about drug use, sexual behavior, and psychological characteristics. Participants were asked to return in 2 weeks to complete another questionnaire. Results. Many fewer men and women reported engaging in unsafe sexual behaviors in the 2 weeks preceding the follow-up visit than had reported such behaviors prior to notification. These changes were greater than those other investigators have reported, but about 40% of the participants still reported unsafe sexual activity at the follow-up interview. Conclusions. To make nonvolunteer screening programs for HIV infection more effective in reducing the spread of HIV infection, we need to learn more about how to help people change their high-risk behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1586-1590
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume81
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1991

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Sexual Behavior
HIV Infections
Blood Donors
HIV
Risk-Taking
Volunteers
Nurses
Research Personnel
Interviews
Psychology
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Cleary, P. D., Van Devanter, N., Rogers, T. F., Singer, E., Shipton-Levy, R., Steilen, M., ... Pindyck, J. (1991). Behavior changes after notification of HIV infection. American Journal of Public Health, 81(12), 1586-1590.

Behavior changes after notification of HIV infection. / Cleary, P. D.; Van Devanter, Nancy; Rogers, T. F.; Singer, E.; Shipton-Levy, R.; Steilen, M.; Stuart, A.; Avorn, J.; Pindyck, J.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 81, No. 12, 1991, p. 1586-1590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cleary, PD, Van Devanter, N, Rogers, TF, Singer, E, Shipton-Levy, R, Steilen, M, Stuart, A, Avorn, J & Pindyck, J 1991, 'Behavior changes after notification of HIV infection', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 81, no. 12, pp. 1586-1590.
Cleary PD, Van Devanter N, Rogers TF, Singer E, Shipton-Levy R, Steilen M et al. Behavior changes after notification of HIV infection. American Journal of Public Health. 1991;81(12):1586-1590.
Cleary, P. D. ; Van Devanter, Nancy ; Rogers, T. F. ; Singer, E. ; Shipton-Levy, R. ; Steilen, M. ; Stuart, A. ; Avorn, J. ; Pindyck, J. / Behavior changes after notification of HIV infection. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1991 ; Vol. 81, No. 12. pp. 1586-1590.
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