Barriers to cardiac rehabilitation in women with cardiovascular disease: An integrative review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Although death rates from cardiovascular disease (CVD) have declined in recent years, it continues to be the leading cause of death for women in the United States. The risk factors for CVD are well established and include physical inactivity. According to the Centers for Disease Control, in 2008, 38% of women reported no physical activity. For many women who experience a cardiac event, their first opportunity to become physically active is through a formal cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. Unfortunately, women often underutilize CR programs. The purpose of this integrative review was to examine the barriers to participation in a CR program among women with CVD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011



  • barriers
  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • cardiovascular disease
  • review
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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