Balancing small transaction costs with loss of optimal allocation in dynamic stock trading strategies

Jonathan Goodman, Daniel N. Ostrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We discuss optimal trading strategies for general utility functions in portfolios of cash and stocks subject to small proportional transaction costs. We present a new interpretation of scalings found by Soner, Shreve, and others. To leading order in the small transaction cost parameter, the free boundary problem for the expected utility's value function is shown to be dual, in the sense of Lagrange multipliers for optimal design problems, to a free boundary problem minimizing a cost function. This cost function is the sum of a boundary integral corresponding to the rate of trading and an interior integral corresponding to opportunity loss that results from suboptimal portfolio allocation. Using the dual problem's formulation, we show that the quasi-steady state probability density of the optimal portfolio is uniform for a single stock but generally blows up even in the simple case of two uncorrelated stocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1977-1998
Number of pages22
JournalSIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Trading Strategies
Transaction Costs
Optimal Allocation
Cost functions
Balancing
Free Boundary Problem
Utility Function
Cost Function
Lagrange multipliers
Costs
Optimal Portfolio
Boundary Integral
Expected Utility
Dual Problem
Optimal Strategy
Probability Density
Value Function
Blow-up
Interior
Directly proportional

Keywords

  • Asymptotics
  • Cost minimization
  • General utility function
  • Oblique boundary conditions
  • Portfolio optimization
  • Transaction costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Balancing small transaction costs with loss of optimal allocation in dynamic stock trading strategies. / Goodman, Jonathan; Ostrov, Daniel N.

In: SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, Vol. 70, No. 6, 2010, p. 1977-1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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