Driving nanomagnets by spin-polarized currents offers exciting prospects in magnetoelectronics, but the response of the magnets to such currents remains poorly understood. We show that an averaged equation describing the diffusion of energy on a graph captures the low-damping dynamics of these systems. From this equation we obtain the bifurcation diagram of the magnets, including the critical currents to induce stable precessional states and magnetization switching, as well as the mean times of thermally assisted magnetization reversal in situations where the standard reaction rate theory of Kramers is no longer valid. These results match experimental observations and give a theoretical basis for a Néel-Brown-type formula with an effective energy barrier for the reversal times.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)