Attention Bias Modification Treatment for children with anxiety disorders who do not respond to cognitive behavioral therapy: A case series

Michele Bechor, Jeremy W. Pettit, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Rany Abend, Daniel S. Pine, Michael W. Vasey, James Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Evidence is emerging to support the promise of Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT), a computer-based attention training program, in reducing anxiety in children. ABMT has not been tested as an adjuvant for children with anxiety disorders who do not respond to Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This case series presents findings from an open trial of ABMT among six children (four girls; M age. =. 11.2 years) who completed a CBT protocol and continued to meet diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder. All children completed the ABMT protocol with no canceled or missed sessions. Child self-ratings on anxiety symptoms and depressive symptoms significantly decreased from pretreatment to posttreatment, as did parent ratings on child anxiety-related impairment. Parent ratings on child anxiety and internalizing symptoms displayed non-significant decreases from pretreatment to posttreatment. These findings support the potential promise of ABMT as a feasible adjuvant treatment that reduces anxiety and impairment among child anxiety CBT nonresponders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014



  • Anxiety
  • Attention
  • Attention bias
  • Children
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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