Attachment orientation and sexual risk behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men

Stephanie Cook, Daphne C. Watkins, Benjamin J. Calebs, Patrick A. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This mixed methods study used an explanatory sequential design to examine the relationship between attachment and sexual behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Cross sectional online surveys and sex diaries were completed by a sample of YBGBM in New York City (n = 153) to assess the association between adult attachment insecurity and sexual risk behaviour. The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) was used to assess three types of adult attachment (i.e., secure, anxious and avoidant). Participants reported condomless sex encounters, as well as serodiscordant condomless anal sex encounters, as measures of sexual risk. Quantitative findings suggested that there were few associations between attachment type and sexual risk behaviour; only men with attachment avoidance were likely to engage in condomless sex. However, qualitative findings illuminated some of the social complexities of the association between attachment in childhood, attachment in young adulthood and intimate partnerships, which could be linked to young adult sexual risk behaviour. The study findings highlight the need for researchers to further examine the process by which individual differences in attachment orientation are related to YBGBM’s sexual behaviour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-196
Number of pages20
JournalPsychology and Sexuality
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
risk behavior
Sexual Behavior
online survey
adulthood
young adult
childhood
Individuality
Sexual Minorities
Young Adult
experience
Cross-Sectional Studies
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Attachment
  • HIV
  • sexual behaviour
  • young Black gay and bisexual men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Attachment orientation and sexual risk behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men. / Cook, Stephanie; Watkins, Daphne C.; Calebs, Benjamin J.; Wilson, Patrick A.

In: Psychology and Sexuality, Vol. 7, No. 3, 02.07.2016, p. 177-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cook, Stephanie ; Watkins, Daphne C. ; Calebs, Benjamin J. ; Wilson, Patrick A. / Attachment orientation and sexual risk behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men. In: Psychology and Sexuality. 2016 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 177-196.
@article{ea823d3c27184da1872e6dd1dd5712fd,
title = "Attachment orientation and sexual risk behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men",
abstract = "This mixed methods study used an explanatory sequential design to examine the relationship between attachment and sexual behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Cross sectional online surveys and sex diaries were completed by a sample of YBGBM in New York City (n = 153) to assess the association between adult attachment insecurity and sexual risk behaviour. The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) was used to assess three types of adult attachment (i.e., secure, anxious and avoidant). Participants reported condomless sex encounters, as well as serodiscordant condomless anal sex encounters, as measures of sexual risk. Quantitative findings suggested that there were few associations between attachment type and sexual risk behaviour; only men with attachment avoidance were likely to engage in condomless sex. However, qualitative findings illuminated some of the social complexities of the association between attachment in childhood, attachment in young adulthood and intimate partnerships, which could be linked to young adult sexual risk behaviour. The study findings highlight the need for researchers to further examine the process by which individual differences in attachment orientation are related to YBGBM’s sexual behaviour.",
keywords = "Attachment, HIV, sexual behaviour, young Black gay and bisexual men",
author = "Stephanie Cook and Watkins, {Daphne C.} and Calebs, {Benjamin J.} and Wilson, {Patrick A.}",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/19419899.2016.1168312",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "177--196",
journal = "Psychology and Sexuality",
issn = "1941-9899",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attachment orientation and sexual risk behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men

AU - Cook, Stephanie

AU - Watkins, Daphne C.

AU - Calebs, Benjamin J.

AU - Wilson, Patrick A.

PY - 2016/7/2

Y1 - 2016/7/2

N2 - This mixed methods study used an explanatory sequential design to examine the relationship between attachment and sexual behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Cross sectional online surveys and sex diaries were completed by a sample of YBGBM in New York City (n = 153) to assess the association between adult attachment insecurity and sexual risk behaviour. The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) was used to assess three types of adult attachment (i.e., secure, anxious and avoidant). Participants reported condomless sex encounters, as well as serodiscordant condomless anal sex encounters, as measures of sexual risk. Quantitative findings suggested that there were few associations between attachment type and sexual risk behaviour; only men with attachment avoidance were likely to engage in condomless sex. However, qualitative findings illuminated some of the social complexities of the association between attachment in childhood, attachment in young adulthood and intimate partnerships, which could be linked to young adult sexual risk behaviour. The study findings highlight the need for researchers to further examine the process by which individual differences in attachment orientation are related to YBGBM’s sexual behaviour.

AB - This mixed methods study used an explanatory sequential design to examine the relationship between attachment and sexual behaviour among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Cross sectional online surveys and sex diaries were completed by a sample of YBGBM in New York City (n = 153) to assess the association between adult attachment insecurity and sexual risk behaviour. The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) was used to assess three types of adult attachment (i.e., secure, anxious and avoidant). Participants reported condomless sex encounters, as well as serodiscordant condomless anal sex encounters, as measures of sexual risk. Quantitative findings suggested that there were few associations between attachment type and sexual risk behaviour; only men with attachment avoidance were likely to engage in condomless sex. However, qualitative findings illuminated some of the social complexities of the association between attachment in childhood, attachment in young adulthood and intimate partnerships, which could be linked to young adult sexual risk behaviour. The study findings highlight the need for researchers to further examine the process by which individual differences in attachment orientation are related to YBGBM’s sexual behaviour.

KW - Attachment

KW - HIV

KW - sexual behaviour

KW - young Black gay and bisexual men

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84962044960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84962044960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/19419899.2016.1168312

DO - 10.1080/19419899.2016.1168312

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84962044960

VL - 7

SP - 177

EP - 196

JO - Psychology and Sexuality

JF - Psychology and Sexuality

SN - 1941-9899

IS - 3

ER -