Asymmetries in the perception of Mandarin tones: Evidence from mismatch negativity

Stephen Politzer-Ahles, Kevin Schluter, Kefei Wu, Diogo Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most investigations of the representation and processing of speech sounds focus on their segmental representations, and considerably less is known about the representation of suprasegmental phenomena (e.g., Mandarin tones). Here we examine the mismatch negativity (MMN) response to the contrast between Mandarin Tone 3 (T3) and other tones using a passive oddball paradigm. Because the MMN response has been shown to be sensitive to the featural contents of speech sounds in a way that is compatible with underspecification theories of phonological representations, here, we test the predictions of such theories regarding suprasegmental phenomena. Assuming T3 to be underspecified in Mandarin (because it has variable surface representations and low pitch), we predicted that an asymmetric MMN response would be elicited when T3 is contrasted with another tone. In 2 of our 3 experiments, this was observed, but in non-Mandarin-speaking participants as well as native speakers, suggesting that the locus of the effect was perceptual (acoustic or phonetic) rather than phonological. In a third experiment, the predicted asymmetry was limited to native speakers. These results highlight the importance of distinguishing phonological and perceptual contributions to MMN asymmetries, but also demonstrate a role of abstract phonological representations in which certain information is underspecified in long-term memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1547-1570
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Fingerprint

Phonetics
Population Groups
Long-Term Memory
Acoustics
Asymmetry
Mismatch Negativity
Native Speaker
Experiment
Suprasegmentals
Speech Sounds
Phonological Representations

Keywords

  • Lexical tone
  • Mandarin
  • Mismatch negativity
  • Speech perception
  • Underspecification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Asymmetries in the perception of Mandarin tones : Evidence from mismatch negativity. / Politzer-Ahles, Stephen; Schluter, Kevin; Wu, Kefei; Almeida, Diogo.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 42, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 1547-1570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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