Astrophysical probes of unification

Asimina Arvanitaki, Savas Dimopoulos, Sergei Dubovsky, Peter W. Graham, Roni Harnik, Surjeet Rajendran

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Traditional ideas for testing unification involve searching for the decay of the proton and its branching modes. We point out that several astrophysical experiments are now reaching sensitivities that allow them to explore supersymmetric unified theories. In these theories the electroweak-mass dark matter particle can decay, just like the proton, through dimension 6 operators with lifetime ∼1026s. Interestingly, this time scale is now being investigated in several experiments including ATIC, PAMELA, HESS, and Fermi. Positive evidence for such decays may be opening our first direct window to physics at the supersymmetric unification scale of MGUT∼1016GeV, as well as the TeV scale. Moreover, in the same supersymmetric unified theories, dimension 5 operators can lead a weak-scale superparticle to decay with a lifetime of ∼100s. Such decays are recorded by a change in the primordial light element abundances and may well explain the present discord between the measured Li abundances and standard big bang nucleosynthesis, opening another window to unification. These theories make concrete predictions for the spectrum and signatures at the LHC as well as Fermi.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number105022
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume79
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2009

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Arvanitaki, A., Dimopoulos, S., Dubovsky, S., Graham, P. W., Harnik, R., & Rajendran, S. (2009). Astrophysical probes of unification. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 79(10), [105022]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.79.105022