Asteroseismology of the solar analogs 16 Cyg A and B from Kepler observations

T. S. Metcalfe, W. J. Chaplin, T. Appourchaux, R. A. García, S. Basu, I. Brandão, O. L. Creevey, S. Deheuvels, G. Doan, P. Eggenberger, C. Karoff, A. Miglio, D. Stello, M. Yildiz, Z. Elik, H. M. Antia, Othman Benomar, R. Howe, C. Régulo, D. SalabertT. Stahn, T. R. Bedding, G. R. Davies, Y. Elsworth, Laurent Gizon, S. Hekker, S. Mathur, B. Mosser, S. T. Bryson, M. D. Still, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, R. L. Gilliland, S. D. Kawaler, H. Kjeldsen, K. A. Ibrahim, T. C. Klaus, J. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The evolved solar-type stars 16 Cyg A and B have long been studied as solar analogs, yielding a glimpse into the future of our own Sun. The orbital period of the binary system is too long to provide meaningful dynamical constraints on the stellar properties, but asteroseismology can help because the stars are among the brightest in the Kepler field. We present an analysis of three months of nearly uninterrupted photometry of 16 Cyg A and B from the Kepler space telescope. We extract a total of 46 and 41 oscillation frequencies for the two components, respectively, including a clear detection of octupole (l = 3) modes in both stars. We derive the properties of each star independently using the Asteroseismic Modeling Portal, fitting the individual oscillation frequencies and other observational constraints simultaneously. We evaluate the systematic uncertainties from an ensemble of results generated by a variety of stellar evolution codes and fitting methods. The optimal models derived by fitting each component individually yield a common age (t = 6.8 ± 0.4Gyr) and initial composition (Z i = 0.024 ± 0.002, Y i = 0.25 ± 0.01) within the uncertainties, as expected for the components of a binary system, bolstering our confidence in the reliability of asteroseismic techniques. The longer data sets that will ultimately become available will allow future studies of differential rotation, convection zone depths, and long-term changes due to stellar activity cycles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL10
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume748
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2012

Fingerprint

asteroseismology
oscillation
analogs
stars
long-term change
convection
stellar activity
oscillations
stellar evolution
modeling
photometry
confidence
telescopes
orbitals
detection
analysis
code
method

Keywords

  • stars: fundamental parameters
  • stars: individual (HD 186408, HD 186427)
  • stars: interiors
  • stars: oscillations
  • stars: solar-type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Metcalfe, T. S., Chaplin, W. J., Appourchaux, T., García, R. A., Basu, S., Brandão, I., ... Li, J. (2012). Asteroseismology of the solar analogs 16 Cyg A and B from Kepler observations. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 748(1), [L10]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/748/1/L10

Asteroseismology of the solar analogs 16 Cyg A and B from Kepler observations. / Metcalfe, T. S.; Chaplin, W. J.; Appourchaux, T.; García, R. A.; Basu, S.; Brandão, I.; Creevey, O. L.; Deheuvels, S.; Doan, G.; Eggenberger, P.; Karoff, C.; Miglio, A.; Stello, D.; Yildiz, M.; Elik, Z.; Antia, H. M.; Benomar, Othman; Howe, R.; Régulo, C.; Salabert, D.; Stahn, T.; Bedding, T. R.; Davies, G. R.; Elsworth, Y.; Gizon, Laurent; Hekker, S.; Mathur, S.; Mosser, B.; Bryson, S. T.; Still, M. D.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Gilliland, R. L.; Kawaler, S. D.; Kjeldsen, H.; Ibrahim, K. A.; Klaus, T. C.; Li, J.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 748, No. 1, L10, 20.03.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Metcalfe, TS, Chaplin, WJ, Appourchaux, T, García, RA, Basu, S, Brandão, I, Creevey, OL, Deheuvels, S, Doan, G, Eggenberger, P, Karoff, C, Miglio, A, Stello, D, Yildiz, M, Elik, Z, Antia, HM, Benomar, O, Howe, R, Régulo, C, Salabert, D, Stahn, T, Bedding, TR, Davies, GR, Elsworth, Y, Gizon, L, Hekker, S, Mathur, S, Mosser, B, Bryson, ST, Still, MD, Christensen-Dalsgaard, J, Gilliland, RL, Kawaler, SD, Kjeldsen, H, Ibrahim, KA, Klaus, TC & Li, J 2012, 'Asteroseismology of the solar analogs 16 Cyg A and B from Kepler observations', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 748, no. 1, L10. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/748/1/L10
Metcalfe TS, Chaplin WJ, Appourchaux T, García RA, Basu S, Brandão I et al. Asteroseismology of the solar analogs 16 Cyg A and B from Kepler observations. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2012 Mar 20;748(1). L10. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/748/1/L10
Metcalfe, T. S. ; Chaplin, W. J. ; Appourchaux, T. ; García, R. A. ; Basu, S. ; Brandão, I. ; Creevey, O. L. ; Deheuvels, S. ; Doan, G. ; Eggenberger, P. ; Karoff, C. ; Miglio, A. ; Stello, D. ; Yildiz, M. ; Elik, Z. ; Antia, H. M. ; Benomar, Othman ; Howe, R. ; Régulo, C. ; Salabert, D. ; Stahn, T. ; Bedding, T. R. ; Davies, G. R. ; Elsworth, Y. ; Gizon, Laurent ; Hekker, S. ; Mathur, S. ; Mosser, B. ; Bryson, S. T. ; Still, M. D. ; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J. ; Gilliland, R. L. ; Kawaler, S. D. ; Kjeldsen, H. ; Ibrahim, K. A. ; Klaus, T. C. ; Li, J. / Asteroseismology of the solar analogs 16 Cyg A and B from Kepler observations. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2012 ; Vol. 748, No. 1.
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AU - Appourchaux, T.

AU - García, R. A.

AU - Basu, S.

AU - Brandão, I.

AU - Creevey, O. L.

AU - Deheuvels, S.

AU - Doan, G.

AU - Eggenberger, P.

AU - Karoff, C.

AU - Miglio, A.

AU - Stello, D.

AU - Yildiz, M.

AU - Elik, Z.

AU - Antia, H. M.

AU - Benomar, Othman

AU - Howe, R.

AU - Régulo, C.

AU - Salabert, D.

AU - Stahn, T.

AU - Bedding, T. R.

AU - Davies, G. R.

AU - Elsworth, Y.

AU - Gizon, Laurent

AU - Hekker, S.

AU - Mathur, S.

AU - Mosser, B.

AU - Bryson, S. T.

AU - Still, M. D.

AU - Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.

AU - Gilliland, R. L.

AU - Kawaler, S. D.

AU - Kjeldsen, H.

AU - Ibrahim, K. A.

AU - Klaus, T. C.

AU - Li, J.

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N2 - The evolved solar-type stars 16 Cyg A and B have long been studied as solar analogs, yielding a glimpse into the future of our own Sun. The orbital period of the binary system is too long to provide meaningful dynamical constraints on the stellar properties, but asteroseismology can help because the stars are among the brightest in the Kepler field. We present an analysis of three months of nearly uninterrupted photometry of 16 Cyg A and B from the Kepler space telescope. We extract a total of 46 and 41 oscillation frequencies for the two components, respectively, including a clear detection of octupole (l = 3) modes in both stars. We derive the properties of each star independently using the Asteroseismic Modeling Portal, fitting the individual oscillation frequencies and other observational constraints simultaneously. We evaluate the systematic uncertainties from an ensemble of results generated by a variety of stellar evolution codes and fitting methods. The optimal models derived by fitting each component individually yield a common age (t = 6.8 ± 0.4Gyr) and initial composition (Z i = 0.024 ± 0.002, Y i = 0.25 ± 0.01) within the uncertainties, as expected for the components of a binary system, bolstering our confidence in the reliability of asteroseismic techniques. The longer data sets that will ultimately become available will allow future studies of differential rotation, convection zone depths, and long-term changes due to stellar activity cycles.

AB - The evolved solar-type stars 16 Cyg A and B have long been studied as solar analogs, yielding a glimpse into the future of our own Sun. The orbital period of the binary system is too long to provide meaningful dynamical constraints on the stellar properties, but asteroseismology can help because the stars are among the brightest in the Kepler field. We present an analysis of three months of nearly uninterrupted photometry of 16 Cyg A and B from the Kepler space telescope. We extract a total of 46 and 41 oscillation frequencies for the two components, respectively, including a clear detection of octupole (l = 3) modes in both stars. We derive the properties of each star independently using the Asteroseismic Modeling Portal, fitting the individual oscillation frequencies and other observational constraints simultaneously. We evaluate the systematic uncertainties from an ensemble of results generated by a variety of stellar evolution codes and fitting methods. The optimal models derived by fitting each component individually yield a common age (t = 6.8 ± 0.4Gyr) and initial composition (Z i = 0.024 ± 0.002, Y i = 0.25 ± 0.01) within the uncertainties, as expected for the components of a binary system, bolstering our confidence in the reliability of asteroseismic techniques. The longer data sets that will ultimately become available will allow future studies of differential rotation, convection zone depths, and long-term changes due to stellar activity cycles.

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KW - stars: interiors

KW - stars: oscillations

KW - stars: solar-type

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