Assuming preferential selection when the admissions policy is unknown

The effects of gender rarity

Madeline E. Heilman, Steven L. Blader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One hundred thirty-five undergraduates indicated the degree to which they believed gender played a role in the selection of an applicant for a graduate degree program. Both the gender composition of the cohort and the selection policy (explicitly merit-based, explicitly affirmative action, or ambiguous) were varied. Results indicated that preferential selection on the basis of gender was assumed when women were solos and explicit information about the selection policy was not provided and that these assumptions were as strong as when an affirmative action policy was explicitly stated. This did not occur when the female selectee was not a solo or when a male selectee was a solo. Evaluations of qualifications and prediction of success paralleled the preferential selection assumptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-193
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Assuming preferential selection when the admissions policy is unknown : The effects of gender rarity. / Heilman, Madeline E.; Blader, Steven L.

In: Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 86, No. 2, 04.2001, p. 188-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{181b0c9d13db4af5bf6c95a4b5f4b429,
title = "Assuming preferential selection when the admissions policy is unknown: The effects of gender rarity",
abstract = "One hundred thirty-five undergraduates indicated the degree to which they believed gender played a role in the selection of an applicant for a graduate degree program. Both the gender composition of the cohort and the selection policy (explicitly merit-based, explicitly affirmative action, or ambiguous) were varied. Results indicated that preferential selection on the basis of gender was assumed when women were solos and explicit information about the selection policy was not provided and that these assumptions were as strong as when an affirmative action policy was explicitly stated. This did not occur when the female selectee was not a solo or when a male selectee was a solo. Evaluations of qualifications and prediction of success paralleled the preferential selection assumptions.",
author = "Heilman, {Madeline E.} and Blader, {Steven L.}",
year = "2001",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1037//0021-9010.86.2.188",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "86",
pages = "188--193",
journal = "Journal of Applied Psychology",
issn = "0021-9010",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assuming preferential selection when the admissions policy is unknown

T2 - The effects of gender rarity

AU - Heilman, Madeline E.

AU - Blader, Steven L.

PY - 2001/4

Y1 - 2001/4

N2 - One hundred thirty-five undergraduates indicated the degree to which they believed gender played a role in the selection of an applicant for a graduate degree program. Both the gender composition of the cohort and the selection policy (explicitly merit-based, explicitly affirmative action, or ambiguous) were varied. Results indicated that preferential selection on the basis of gender was assumed when women were solos and explicit information about the selection policy was not provided and that these assumptions were as strong as when an affirmative action policy was explicitly stated. This did not occur when the female selectee was not a solo or when a male selectee was a solo. Evaluations of qualifications and prediction of success paralleled the preferential selection assumptions.

AB - One hundred thirty-five undergraduates indicated the degree to which they believed gender played a role in the selection of an applicant for a graduate degree program. Both the gender composition of the cohort and the selection policy (explicitly merit-based, explicitly affirmative action, or ambiguous) were varied. Results indicated that preferential selection on the basis of gender was assumed when women were solos and explicit information about the selection policy was not provided and that these assumptions were as strong as when an affirmative action policy was explicitly stated. This did not occur when the female selectee was not a solo or when a male selectee was a solo. Evaluations of qualifications and prediction of success paralleled the preferential selection assumptions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035297843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035297843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037//0021-9010.86.2.188

DO - 10.1037//0021-9010.86.2.188

M3 - Article

VL - 86

SP - 188

EP - 193

JO - Journal of Applied Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Psychology

SN - 0021-9010

IS - 2

ER -