Association between homocysteine and endothelial dysfunction markers in stroke disease

Abdishakur Abdulle, Javed Y. Pathan, Nagi Moussa, Salah Gariballa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Evidence shows that there is an increase in concentrations of markers of endothelial dysfunction immediately following acute ischaemic stroke. Several studies suggest that endothelial dysfunction may be partly caused by oxidation related to the effects of raised total plasma homocysteine. Objective: The aim of this study was to measure changes in total plasma homocysteine and markers of endothelial dysfunction in stroke disease within a known period of time post infarct. Subjects and methods: We studied 40 acute ischaemic stroke patients (mean age ± SD, 50.2 ± 9.5 years) and 42 hospitalised non-stroke patients (mean age, 44.3 ± 14.9 years). Fasting venous blood was obtained within 24 h, 3 days and 7 days after the stroke onset and hospitalisation for non-stroke patients for measurements of total plasma homocysteine, markers of endothelial dysfunction including intracellular adhesion molecule (i-CAM), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (v-CAM) and leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin) and C-reactive proteins (CRPs). Results: We found no significant differences in baseline total plasma homocysteine, E-selectin, v-CAM, vitamin B12, and folate concentrations between ischaemic stroke patients and non-stroke controls. i-CAM concentrations were significantly higher and CRPs non-significantly lower at baseline in stroke patients compared with controls. Although all endothelial dysfunction markers increased significantly during the study period, the rise in E-selectin levels was less than that seen in i-CAM, and v-CAM. Total plasma homocysteine concentrations showed positive correlations with creatinine (r = 0.537; P < 0.02), and inverse correlations with both vitamin B12 (r = -0.560; P < 0.001) and folate (r = -0.469; P < 0.002); however, there were no significant correlations between total plasma homocysteine or B-vitamins and markers of endothelial dysfunction in ischaemic stroke patients or controls. Conclusions: We found evidence of an increase in markers of endothelial dysfunction following acute ischaemic stroke but this had no relationship with total plasma homocysteine concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-6
Number of pages5
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Fingerprint

Homocysteine
Stroke
E-Selectin
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Vitamin B 12
Folic Acid
C-Reactive Protein
Vitamin B Complex
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Fasting
Creatinine
Hospitalization

Keywords

  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Homocysteine
  • Ischaemic stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Association between homocysteine and endothelial dysfunction markers in stroke disease. / Abdulle, Abdishakur; Pathan, Javed Y.; Moussa, Nagi; Gariballa, Salah.

In: Nutritional Neuroscience, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.02.2010, p. 2-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdulle, Abdishakur ; Pathan, Javed Y. ; Moussa, Nagi ; Gariballa, Salah. / Association between homocysteine and endothelial dysfunction markers in stroke disease. In: Nutritional Neuroscience. 2010 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 2-6.
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AB - Background: Evidence shows that there is an increase in concentrations of markers of endothelial dysfunction immediately following acute ischaemic stroke. Several studies suggest that endothelial dysfunction may be partly caused by oxidation related to the effects of raised total plasma homocysteine. Objective: The aim of this study was to measure changes in total plasma homocysteine and markers of endothelial dysfunction in stroke disease within a known period of time post infarct. Subjects and methods: We studied 40 acute ischaemic stroke patients (mean age ± SD, 50.2 ± 9.5 years) and 42 hospitalised non-stroke patients (mean age, 44.3 ± 14.9 years). Fasting venous blood was obtained within 24 h, 3 days and 7 days after the stroke onset and hospitalisation for non-stroke patients for measurements of total plasma homocysteine, markers of endothelial dysfunction including intracellular adhesion molecule (i-CAM), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (v-CAM) and leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin) and C-reactive proteins (CRPs). Results: We found no significant differences in baseline total plasma homocysteine, E-selectin, v-CAM, vitamin B12, and folate concentrations between ischaemic stroke patients and non-stroke controls. i-CAM concentrations were significantly higher and CRPs non-significantly lower at baseline in stroke patients compared with controls. Although all endothelial dysfunction markers increased significantly during the study period, the rise in E-selectin levels was less than that seen in i-CAM, and v-CAM. Total plasma homocysteine concentrations showed positive correlations with creatinine (r = 0.537; P < 0.02), and inverse correlations with both vitamin B12 (r = -0.560; P < 0.001) and folate (r = -0.469; P < 0.002); however, there were no significant correlations between total plasma homocysteine or B-vitamins and markers of endothelial dysfunction in ischaemic stroke patients or controls. Conclusions: We found evidence of an increase in markers of endothelial dysfunction following acute ischaemic stroke but this had no relationship with total plasma homocysteine concentrations.

KW - Endothelial dysfunction

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