Assessing invariance across sex and race/ethnicity in measures of youth psychopathic characteristics

Jacqueline M. Horan, Joshua L. Brown, Stephanie M. Jones, J. Lawrence Aber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the measurement invariance of 2 commonly used measures of youth psychopathic characteristics across sex and racial/ethnic groups. Among a community sample of Hispanic and Black adolescents (N = 355; 50.5% female; mean age = 15.09) and their parents, this study tested the configural and metric invariance of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP; Levenson, Fitzpatrick, & Kiehl, 1995) and the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (Frick, 2004). Preliminary analyses indicated that the adolescents in the present study reported similar rates of psychopathic characteristics as those reported by other studies of adolescents and young adults. Results of the multigroup invariance analyses indicated that these measures are invariant across sex and between Hispanic and Black youth. In addition, further analyses assessing associations between these measures and a number of behavioral and emotional characteristics indicated that scores on the LSRP Scale and Callous-Unemotional Traits demonstrate good convergent and discriminant validity with few differences by sex or race/ethnicity. To date, research on psychopathy has focused predominantly on samples of White males. Therefore, it is important that research examines the equivalence of measures of psychopathic characteristics across different populations, so that accurate assessments can be made to inform intervention and treatment efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-668
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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