Artisanal or industrial conflict minerals? Evidence from Eastern Congo

Nik Stoop, Marijke Verpoorten, Peter van der Windt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Existing research suggests a strong link between mining and local conflict but makes no distinction between artisanal and industrial mining. We exploit variation in mineral prices and the granting of industrial mining concessions to investigate how the mode of extraction affects conflict in Eastern Congo. Rising mineral prices increase battles over artisanal mines, indicating competition between armed groups. This effect is much less pronounced for industrial mining. Moreover, the expansion of industrial mining decreases battles, suggesting that companies can secure their concessions. Such expansion does, however, trigger riots, and, when it crowds out artisanal mining, also increases violence against civilians and looting. In line with case-study evidence, these negative effects only materialize when industrial mining companies expand their activities from the research to the production phase.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)660-674
    Number of pages15
    JournalWorld Development
    Volume122
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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    mineral
    evidence
    concession
    artisanal mining
    violence
    conflict
    Minerals
    Industrial conflict
    Group
    effect
    price
    Concession

    Keywords

    • Africa
    • Artisanal mining
    • Conflict
    • Democratic Republic of Congo
    • Industrial mining
    • Natural resources

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Development
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Economics and Econometrics

    Cite this

    Artisanal or industrial conflict minerals? Evidence from Eastern Congo. / Stoop, Nik; Verpoorten, Marijke; van der Windt, Peter.

    In: World Development, Vol. 122, 01.10.2019, p. 660-674.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Stoop, Nik ; Verpoorten, Marijke ; van der Windt, Peter. / Artisanal or industrial conflict minerals? Evidence from Eastern Congo. In: World Development. 2019 ; Vol. 122. pp. 660-674.
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