Are some tillites impact-related debris-flow deposits?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A number of ancient glacial deposits, or tillites, are currently interpreted as originating by subaqueous debris-flow processes at glacial termini. Problems in identifying the glacial origin of such deposits can arise because some criteria commonly used for establishing glaciation, especially outsize clasts interpreted as dropstones from icebergs, can apparently be produced by nonglacial debris flows and debris falls. Could some of these debris-flow diamictite deposits be related to large-body impacts, especially those that occurred at times other than established glacial periods? Debris-flow ejecta of known impacts seem to be marked by mildly shocked clasts showing evidence of plastic behavior with brittle failure, commonly resulting in multiple, partially displaced fractures, grading into crushed and brecciated clasts. These deformation features entail brief periods of high confining pressures, in accord with a hypervelocity-impact origin. I report here several debris-flow diamictites, currently interpreted as tillites, that exhibit these characteristic deformed stones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Geology
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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debris flow
clast
diamictite
brittle failure
iceberg
glacial deposit
confining pressure
ejecta
glaciation
plastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Are some tillites impact-related debris-flow deposits? / Rampino, Michael.

In: Journal of Geology, Vol. 125, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 155-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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