Applying behavioral and social science theory to HIV prevention

The need for structural- level approaches

Richard A. Crosby, Ralph DiClemente

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Set in the context of high-impact prevention, this chapter provides a brief historical account of how theory application to HIV prevention has evolved from individual-level models to structural-level approaches. The chapter describes the value and limitations of applying behavioral science and social science theories to the pandemic and describes several models and theory-based approaches. It then proceeds to identify emerging, structural-level approaches to achieving population-level HIV prevention in developing and developed countries. The chapter distinguishes structural-level interventions from multilevel interventions, and it describes strengths and weaknesses of structural-level approaches to achieving high-impact prevention. In so doing, several critical principles of structural-level approaches are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationStructural Interventions for HIV Prevention
Subtitle of host publicationOptimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages13-30
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780190675486
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Behavioral Sciences
Social Sciences
HIV
Structural Models
Pandemics
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Population
Social Theory

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Behavioral theory
  • HIV
  • Population-level approaches
  • Social science theory
  • Structural-level approaches

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Crosby, R. A., & DiClemente, R. (2018). Applying behavioral and social science theory to HIV prevention: The need for structural- level approaches. In Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care (pp. 13-30). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0002

Applying behavioral and social science theory to HIV prevention : The need for structural- level approaches. / Crosby, Richard A.; DiClemente, Ralph.

Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care. Oxford University Press, 2018. p. 13-30.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Crosby, RA & DiClemente, R 2018, Applying behavioral and social science theory to HIV prevention: The need for structural- level approaches. in Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care. Oxford University Press, pp. 13-30. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0002
Crosby RA, DiClemente R. Applying behavioral and social science theory to HIV prevention: The need for structural- level approaches. In Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care. Oxford University Press. 2018. p. 13-30 https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0002
Crosby, Richard A. ; DiClemente, Ralph. / Applying behavioral and social science theory to HIV prevention : The need for structural- level approaches. Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care. Oxford University Press, 2018. pp. 13-30
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