Applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams

Nikhil Gupta, Steven E. Zeltmann, Vasanth Chakravarthy Shunmugasamy, Dinesh Pinisetty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A collection of applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams is presented in this article. Syntactic foams are lightweight porous composites that found their early applications in marine structures due to their naturally buoyant behavior and low moisture absorption. Their light weight has been beneficial in weight sensitive aerospace structures. Syntactic foams have pushed the performance boundaries for composites and have enabled the development of vehicles for traveling to the deepest parts of the ocean and to other planets. The high volume fraction of porosity in syntactic foams also enabled their applications in thermal insulation of pipelines in oil and gas industry. The possibility of tailoring the mechanical and thermal properties of syntactic foams through a combination of material selection, hollow particle volume fraction, and hollow particle wall thickness has helped in rapidly growing these applications. The low coefficient of thermal expansion and dimensional stability at high temperatures are now leading their use in electronic packaging, composite tooling, and thermoforming plug assists. Methods have been developed to tailor the mechanical and thermal properties of syntactic foams independent of each other over a wide range, which is a significant advantage over other traditional particulate and fibrous composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-254
Number of pages10
JournalJOM
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

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Syntactics
Polymer matrix
Foams
Composite materials
Volume fraction
Thermodynamic properties
Thermoforming
Ocean structures
Mechanical properties
Electronics packaging
Dimensional stability
Thermal insulation
Gas industry
Planets
Thermal expansion
Oils
Moisture
Pipelines
Porosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Gupta, N., Zeltmann, S. E., Shunmugasamy, V. C., & Pinisetty, D. (2014). Applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams. JOM, 66(2), 245-254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-013-0796-8

Applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams. / Gupta, Nikhil; Zeltmann, Steven E.; Shunmugasamy, Vasanth Chakravarthy; Pinisetty, Dinesh.

In: JOM, Vol. 66, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 245-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gupta, N, Zeltmann, SE, Shunmugasamy, VC & Pinisetty, D 2014, 'Applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams', JOM, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 245-254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-013-0796-8
Gupta N, Zeltmann SE, Shunmugasamy VC, Pinisetty D. Applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams. JOM. 2014 Feb;66(2):245-254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-013-0796-8
Gupta, Nikhil ; Zeltmann, Steven E. ; Shunmugasamy, Vasanth Chakravarthy ; Pinisetty, Dinesh. / Applications of polymer matrix syntactic foams. In: JOM. 2014 ; Vol. 66, No. 2. pp. 245-254.
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