Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination

A review

Faisal A. AlMarzooqi, Amal A. Al Ghaferi, Irfan Saadat, Nidal Hilal

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    This manuscript spans over 180. years of ideas, discoveries, inventions, breakthroughs and research in Capacitive Deionisation (CDI) and Membrane CDI (MCDI) desalination. Starting with the first discovery of the dissociation of ions in solution under an electric field by M. Faraday (1833), through the pioneering work of carbon aerogel flow through capacitors by J. Farmer's group (1996) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), to the utilization of novel graphene and carbon nanotube (CNT) materials as electrodes, the CDI and MCDI technologies are progressively making its path to the desalination industry. Through this review various deficiencies of this technology have been identified, first and far most was the need for low cost and efficient electrode materials. The review identified that a low cost and high efficiency electrode capable of processing high salinity (seawater) stream still does not exists and is considered important if the technology is to make it to the industry. Furthermore, the lack of long term reliability, operation demonstrations and experience meant that information about scaling and fouling are rather scarce. Taking a step further, no comprehensive environmental assessment such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been performed yet.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)3-15
    Number of pages13
    JournalDesalination
    Volume342
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2 2014

    Fingerprint

    Desalination
    electrode
    desalination
    Electrodes
    Water
    membrane
    Membrane technology
    Carbon Nanotubes
    Aerogels
    Graphite
    industry
    Environmental impact assessments
    Patents and inventions
    environmental impact assessment
    environmental assessment
    Fouling
    Seawater
    cost
    fouling
    Graphene

    Keywords

    • Capacitive Deionisation
    • Desalination
    • Membrane Capacitive Deionisation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Mechanical Engineering

    Cite this

    AlMarzooqi, F. A., Al Ghaferi, A. A., Saadat, I., & Hilal, N. (2014). Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination: A review. Desalination, 342, 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2014.02.031

    Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination : A review. / AlMarzooqi, Faisal A.; Al Ghaferi, Amal A.; Saadat, Irfan; Hilal, Nidal.

    In: Desalination, Vol. 342, 02.06.2014, p. 3-15.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    AlMarzooqi, FA, Al Ghaferi, AA, Saadat, I & Hilal, N 2014, 'Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination: A review', Desalination, vol. 342, pp. 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2014.02.031
    AlMarzooqi, Faisal A. ; Al Ghaferi, Amal A. ; Saadat, Irfan ; Hilal, Nidal. / Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination : A review. In: Desalination. 2014 ; Vol. 342. pp. 3-15.
    @article{99c0f64a6cc54c9e9bf9a4d25621234c,
    title = "Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination: A review",
    abstract = "This manuscript spans over 180. years of ideas, discoveries, inventions, breakthroughs and research in Capacitive Deionisation (CDI) and Membrane CDI (MCDI) desalination. Starting with the first discovery of the dissociation of ions in solution under an electric field by M. Faraday (1833), through the pioneering work of carbon aerogel flow through capacitors by J. Farmer's group (1996) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), to the utilization of novel graphene and carbon nanotube (CNT) materials as electrodes, the CDI and MCDI technologies are progressively making its path to the desalination industry. Through this review various deficiencies of this technology have been identified, first and far most was the need for low cost and efficient electrode materials. The review identified that a low cost and high efficiency electrode capable of processing high salinity (seawater) stream still does not exists and is considered important if the technology is to make it to the industry. Furthermore, the lack of long term reliability, operation demonstrations and experience meant that information about scaling and fouling are rather scarce. Taking a step further, no comprehensive environmental assessment such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been performed yet.",
    keywords = "Capacitive Deionisation, Desalination, Membrane Capacitive Deionisation",
    author = "AlMarzooqi, {Faisal A.} and {Al Ghaferi}, {Amal A.} and Irfan Saadat and Nidal Hilal",
    year = "2014",
    month = "6",
    day = "2",
    doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2014.02.031",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "342",
    pages = "3--15",
    journal = "Desalination",
    issn = "0011-9164",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Application of Capacitive Deionisation in water desalination

    T2 - A review

    AU - AlMarzooqi, Faisal A.

    AU - Al Ghaferi, Amal A.

    AU - Saadat, Irfan

    AU - Hilal, Nidal

    PY - 2014/6/2

    Y1 - 2014/6/2

    N2 - This manuscript spans over 180. years of ideas, discoveries, inventions, breakthroughs and research in Capacitive Deionisation (CDI) and Membrane CDI (MCDI) desalination. Starting with the first discovery of the dissociation of ions in solution under an electric field by M. Faraday (1833), through the pioneering work of carbon aerogel flow through capacitors by J. Farmer's group (1996) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), to the utilization of novel graphene and carbon nanotube (CNT) materials as electrodes, the CDI and MCDI technologies are progressively making its path to the desalination industry. Through this review various deficiencies of this technology have been identified, first and far most was the need for low cost and efficient electrode materials. The review identified that a low cost and high efficiency electrode capable of processing high salinity (seawater) stream still does not exists and is considered important if the technology is to make it to the industry. Furthermore, the lack of long term reliability, operation demonstrations and experience meant that information about scaling and fouling are rather scarce. Taking a step further, no comprehensive environmental assessment such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been performed yet.

    AB - This manuscript spans over 180. years of ideas, discoveries, inventions, breakthroughs and research in Capacitive Deionisation (CDI) and Membrane CDI (MCDI) desalination. Starting with the first discovery of the dissociation of ions in solution under an electric field by M. Faraday (1833), through the pioneering work of carbon aerogel flow through capacitors by J. Farmer's group (1996) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), to the utilization of novel graphene and carbon nanotube (CNT) materials as electrodes, the CDI and MCDI technologies are progressively making its path to the desalination industry. Through this review various deficiencies of this technology have been identified, first and far most was the need for low cost and efficient electrode materials. The review identified that a low cost and high efficiency electrode capable of processing high salinity (seawater) stream still does not exists and is considered important if the technology is to make it to the industry. Furthermore, the lack of long term reliability, operation demonstrations and experience meant that information about scaling and fouling are rather scarce. Taking a step further, no comprehensive environmental assessment such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been performed yet.

    KW - Capacitive Deionisation

    KW - Desalination

    KW - Membrane Capacitive Deionisation

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897958320&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897958320&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2014.02.031

    DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2014.02.031

    M3 - Review article

    VL - 342

    SP - 3

    EP - 15

    JO - Desalination

    JF - Desalination

    SN - 0011-9164

    ER -