Analysis of the liquid argon purity in the ICARUS T600 TPC

S. Amoruso, M. Antonello, P. Aprili, Francesco Arneodo, A. Badertscher, B. Baiboussinov, M. Baldo Ceolin, G. Battistoni, B. Bekman, P. Benetti, E. Bernardini, M. Bischofberger, A. Borio di Tigliole, R. Brunetti, R. Bruzzese, A. Bueno, M. Buzzanca, E. Calligarich, M. Campanelli, F. Carbonara & 99 others C. Carpanese, D. Cavalli, F. Cavanna, P. Cennini, S. Centro, A. Cesana, C. Chen, D. Chen, D. B. Chen, Y. Chen, X. Cieslik, D. Cline, A. G. Cocco, Z. Dai, C. De Vecchi, A. Dabrowska, A. Di Cicco, R. Dolfini, A. Ereditato, M. Felcini, A. Ferrari, F. Ferri, G. Fiorillo, S. Galli, Y. Ge, D. Gibin, A. Gigli Berzolari, I. Gil-Botella, K. Graczyk, L. Grandi, A. Guglielmi, K. He, J. Holeczek, X. Huang, C. Juszczak, D. Kielczewska, J. Kisiel, T. Kozlowski, M. Laffranchi, J. Łagoda, Z. Li, F. Lu, J. Ma, G. Mangano, M. Markiewicz, A. Martinez de la Ossa, C. Matthey, F. Mauri, G. Meng, M. Messina, C. Montanari, S. Muraro, S. Navas-Concha, G. Nurzia, S. Otwinowski, Q. Ouyang, O. Palamara, D. Pascoli, L. Periale, G. B. Piano Mortari, A. Piazzoli, P. Picchi, F. Pietropaolo, W. Polchlopek, T. Rancati, A. Rappoldi, G. L. Raselli, J. Rico, E. Rondio, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, P. Sala, R. Santorelli, D. Scannicchio, E. Segreto, Y. Seo, F. Sergiampietri, J. Sobczyk, N. Spinelli, J. Stepaniak, M. Szarska, M. Szeptycka, M. Szleper, M. Terrani, R. Velotta, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, H. Wang, X. Wang, J. Woo, G. Xu, Z. Xu, A. Zalewska, J. Zalipska, C. Zhang, Q. Zhang, S. Zhen, W. Zipper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The results reported in this paper are based on the analysis of the data recorded with the first half-module of the ICARUS T600 liquid argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC), during a technical run that took place on surface in Pavia (Italy). We include results from the linearity, uniformity and calibration of the electronics, measurements on the electron drift velocity in LAr at different electric fields, as well as the LAr purity achievement of the detector. Two complementary techniques were used to measure the drift electron lifetime inside the active volume: the first, from the data of a purity monitor, gives a measurement localized in space; the second, based on the study of the signals produced by long minimum ionizing tracks crossing the detector, provides a LAr volume averaged value. Both methods yield consistent results over the whole data taking period and are compatible with an uniform LAr purity over the whole volume. The maximal drift electron lifetime value was recorded before the run stop and was about 1.8 ms. From an interpretation of the observed drift electron lifetime as a function of time, we conclude that the adopted technology would allow for drift distances exceeding 3 m.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-79
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume516
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Fingerprint

Argon
purity
argon
Electrons
Liquids
liquids
life (durability)
Detectors
electrons
detectors
Electronic equipment
Italy
Electric fields
linearity
Calibration
monitors
modules
chambers
projection
electric fields

Keywords

  • Electron drift velocity
  • LAr purity
  • Liquid argon
  • TPC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Analysis of the liquid argon purity in the ICARUS T600 TPC. / Amoruso, S.; Antonello, M.; Aprili, P.; Arneodo, Francesco; Badertscher, A.; Baiboussinov, B.; Baldo Ceolin, M.; Battistoni, G.; Bekman, B.; Benetti, P.; Bernardini, E.; Bischofberger, M.; Borio di Tigliole, A.; Brunetti, R.; Bruzzese, R.; Bueno, A.; Buzzanca, M.; Calligarich, E.; Campanelli, M.; Carbonara, F.; Carpanese, C.; Cavalli, D.; Cavanna, F.; Cennini, P.; Centro, S.; Cesana, A.; Chen, C.; Chen, D.; Chen, D. B.; Chen, Y.; Cieslik, X.; Cline, D.; Cocco, A. G.; Dai, Z.; De Vecchi, C.; Dabrowska, A.; Di Cicco, A.; Dolfini, R.; Ereditato, A.; Felcini, M.; Ferrari, A.; Ferri, F.; Fiorillo, G.; Galli, S.; Ge, Y.; Gibin, D.; Gigli Berzolari, A.; Gil-Botella, I.; Graczyk, K.; Grandi, L.; Guglielmi, A.; He, K.; Holeczek, J.; Huang, X.; Juszczak, C.; Kielczewska, D.; Kisiel, J.; Kozlowski, T.; Laffranchi, M.; Łagoda, J.; Li, Z.; Lu, F.; Ma, J.; Mangano, G.; Markiewicz, M.; Martinez de la Ossa, A.; Matthey, C.; Mauri, F.; Meng, G.; Messina, M.; Montanari, C.; Muraro, S.; Navas-Concha, S.; Nurzia, G.; Otwinowski, S.; Ouyang, Q.; Palamara, O.; Pascoli, D.; Periale, L.; Piano Mortari, G. B.; Piazzoli, A.; Picchi, P.; Pietropaolo, F.; Polchlopek, W.; Rancati, T.; Rappoldi, A.; Raselli, G. L.; Rico, J.; Rondio, E.; Rossella, M.; Rubbia, A.; Rubbia, C.; Sala, P.; Santorelli, R.; Scannicchio, D.; Segreto, E.; Seo, Y.; Sergiampietri, F.; Sobczyk, J.; Spinelli, N.; Stepaniak, J.; Szarska, M.; Szeptycka, M.; Szleper, M.; Terrani, M.; Velotta, R.; Ventura, S.; Vignoli, C.; Wang, H.; Wang, X.; Woo, J.; Xu, G.; Xu, Z.; Zalewska, A.; Zalipska, J.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, Q.; Zhen, S.; Zipper, W.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 516, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 68-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amoruso, S, Antonello, M, Aprili, P, Arneodo, F, Badertscher, A, Baiboussinov, B, Baldo Ceolin, M, Battistoni, G, Bekman, B, Benetti, P, Bernardini, E, Bischofberger, M, Borio di Tigliole, A, Brunetti, R, Bruzzese, R, Bueno, A, Buzzanca, M, Calligarich, E, Campanelli, M, Carbonara, F, Carpanese, C, Cavalli, D, Cavanna, F, Cennini, P, Centro, S, Cesana, A, Chen, C, Chen, D, Chen, DB, Chen, Y, Cieslik, X, Cline, D, Cocco, AG, Dai, Z, De Vecchi, C, Dabrowska, A, Di Cicco, A, Dolfini, R, Ereditato, A, Felcini, M, Ferrari, A, Ferri, F, Fiorillo, G, Galli, S, Ge, Y, Gibin, D, Gigli Berzolari, A, Gil-Botella, I, Graczyk, K, Grandi, L, Guglielmi, A, He, K, Holeczek, J, Huang, X, Juszczak, C, Kielczewska, D, Kisiel, J, Kozlowski, T, Laffranchi, M, Łagoda, J, Li, Z, Lu, F, Ma, J, Mangano, G, Markiewicz, M, Martinez de la Ossa, A, Matthey, C, Mauri, F, Meng, G, Messina, M, Montanari, C, Muraro, S, Navas-Concha, S, Nurzia, G, Otwinowski, S, Ouyang, Q, Palamara, O, Pascoli, D, Periale, L, Piano Mortari, GB, Piazzoli, A, Picchi, P, Pietropaolo, F, Polchlopek, W, Rancati, T, Rappoldi, A, Raselli, GL, Rico, J, Rondio, E, Rossella, M, Rubbia, A, Rubbia, C, Sala, P, Santorelli, R, Scannicchio, D, Segreto, E, Seo, Y, Sergiampietri, F, Sobczyk, J, Spinelli, N, Stepaniak, J, Szarska, M, Szeptycka, M, Szleper, M, Terrani, M, Velotta, R, Ventura, S, Vignoli, C, Wang, H, Wang, X, Woo, J, Xu, G, Xu, Z, Zalewska, A, Zalipska, J, Zhang, C, Zhang, Q, Zhen, S & Zipper, W 2004, 'Analysis of the liquid argon purity in the ICARUS T600 TPC', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 516, no. 1, pp. 68-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2003.07.043
Amoruso, S. ; Antonello, M. ; Aprili, P. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Badertscher, A. ; Baiboussinov, B. ; Baldo Ceolin, M. ; Battistoni, G. ; Bekman, B. ; Benetti, P. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bischofberger, M. ; Borio di Tigliole, A. ; Brunetti, R. ; Bruzzese, R. ; Bueno, A. ; Buzzanca, M. ; Calligarich, E. ; Campanelli, M. ; Carbonara, F. ; Carpanese, C. ; Cavalli, D. ; Cavanna, F. ; Cennini, P. ; Centro, S. ; Cesana, A. ; Chen, C. ; Chen, D. ; Chen, D. B. ; Chen, Y. ; Cieslik, X. ; Cline, D. ; Cocco, A. G. ; Dai, Z. ; De Vecchi, C. ; Dabrowska, A. ; Di Cicco, A. ; Dolfini, R. ; Ereditato, A. ; Felcini, M. ; Ferrari, A. ; Ferri, F. ; Fiorillo, G. ; Galli, S. ; Ge, Y. ; Gibin, D. ; Gigli Berzolari, A. ; Gil-Botella, I. ; Graczyk, K. ; Grandi, L. ; Guglielmi, A. ; He, K. ; Holeczek, J. ; Huang, X. ; Juszczak, C. ; Kielczewska, D. ; Kisiel, J. ; Kozlowski, T. ; Laffranchi, M. ; Łagoda, J. ; Li, Z. ; Lu, F. ; Ma, J. ; Mangano, G. ; Markiewicz, M. ; Martinez de la Ossa, A. ; Matthey, C. ; Mauri, F. ; Meng, G. ; Messina, M. ; Montanari, C. ; Muraro, S. ; Navas-Concha, S. ; Nurzia, G. ; Otwinowski, S. ; Ouyang, Q. ; Palamara, O. ; Pascoli, D. ; Periale, L. ; Piano Mortari, G. B. ; Piazzoli, A. ; Picchi, P. ; Pietropaolo, F. ; Polchlopek, W. ; Rancati, T. ; Rappoldi, A. ; Raselli, G. L. ; Rico, J. ; Rondio, E. ; Rossella, M. ; Rubbia, A. ; Rubbia, C. ; Sala, P. ; Santorelli, R. ; Scannicchio, D. ; Segreto, E. ; Seo, Y. ; Sergiampietri, F. ; Sobczyk, J. ; Spinelli, N. ; Stepaniak, J. ; Szarska, M. ; Szeptycka, M. ; Szleper, M. ; Terrani, M. ; Velotta, R. ; Ventura, S. ; Vignoli, C. ; Wang, H. ; Wang, X. ; Woo, J. ; Xu, G. ; Xu, Z. ; Zalewska, A. ; Zalipska, J. ; Zhang, C. ; Zhang, Q. ; Zhen, S. ; Zipper, W. / Analysis of the liquid argon purity in the ICARUS T600 TPC. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2004 ; Vol. 516, No. 1. pp. 68-79.
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abstract = "The results reported in this paper are based on the analysis of the data recorded with the first half-module of the ICARUS T600 liquid argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC), during a technical run that took place on surface in Pavia (Italy). We include results from the linearity, uniformity and calibration of the electronics, measurements on the electron drift velocity in LAr at different electric fields, as well as the LAr purity achievement of the detector. Two complementary techniques were used to measure the drift electron lifetime inside the active volume: the first, from the data of a purity monitor, gives a measurement localized in space; the second, based on the study of the signals produced by long minimum ionizing tracks crossing the detector, provides a LAr volume averaged value. Both methods yield consistent results over the whole data taking period and are compatible with an uniform LAr purity over the whole volume. The maximal drift electron lifetime value was recorded before the run stop and was about 1.8 ms. From an interpretation of the observed drift electron lifetime as a function of time, we conclude that the adopted technology would allow for drift distances exceeding 3 m.",
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T1 - Analysis of the liquid argon purity in the ICARUS T600 TPC

AU - Amoruso, S.

AU - Antonello, M.

AU - Aprili, P.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Badertscher, A.

AU - Baiboussinov, B.

AU - Baldo Ceolin, M.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Bekman, B.

AU - Benetti, P.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bischofberger, M.

AU - Borio di Tigliole, A.

AU - Brunetti, R.

AU - Bruzzese, R.

AU - Bueno, A.

AU - Buzzanca, M.

AU - Calligarich, E.

AU - Campanelli, M.

AU - Carbonara, F.

AU - Carpanese, C.

AU - Cavalli, D.

AU - Cavanna, F.

AU - Cennini, P.

AU - Centro, S.

AU - Cesana, A.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Chen, D. B.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cieslik, X.

AU - Cline, D.

AU - Cocco, A. G.

AU - Dai, Z.

AU - De Vecchi, C.

AU - Dabrowska, A.

AU - Di Cicco, A.

AU - Dolfini, R.

AU - Ereditato, A.

AU - Felcini, M.

AU - Ferrari, A.

AU - Ferri, F.

AU - Fiorillo, G.

AU - Galli, S.

AU - Ge, Y.

AU - Gibin, D.

AU - Gigli Berzolari, A.

AU - Gil-Botella, I.

AU - Graczyk, K.

AU - Grandi, L.

AU - Guglielmi, A.

AU - He, K.

AU - Holeczek, J.

AU - Huang, X.

AU - Juszczak, C.

AU - Kielczewska, D.

AU - Kisiel, J.

AU - Kozlowski, T.

AU - Laffranchi, M.

AU - Łagoda, J.

AU - Li, Z.

AU - Lu, F.

AU - Ma, J.

AU - Mangano, G.

AU - Markiewicz, M.

AU - Martinez de la Ossa, A.

AU - Matthey, C.

AU - Mauri, F.

AU - Meng, G.

AU - Messina, M.

AU - Montanari, C.

AU - Muraro, S.

AU - Navas-Concha, S.

AU - Nurzia, G.

AU - Otwinowski, S.

AU - Ouyang, Q.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Pascoli, D.

AU - Periale, L.

AU - Piano Mortari, G. B.

AU - Piazzoli, A.

AU - Picchi, P.

AU - Pietropaolo, F.

AU - Polchlopek, W.

AU - Rancati, T.

AU - Rappoldi, A.

AU - Raselli, G. L.

AU - Rico, J.

AU - Rondio, E.

AU - Rossella, M.

AU - Rubbia, A.

AU - Rubbia, C.

AU - Sala, P.

AU - Santorelli, R.

AU - Scannicchio, D.

AU - Segreto, E.

AU - Seo, Y.

AU - Sergiampietri, F.

AU - Sobczyk, J.

AU - Spinelli, N.

AU - Stepaniak, J.

AU - Szarska, M.

AU - Szeptycka, M.

AU - Szleper, M.

AU - Terrani, M.

AU - Velotta, R.

AU - Ventura, S.

AU - Vignoli, C.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wang, X.

AU - Woo, J.

AU - Xu, G.

AU - Xu, Z.

AU - Zalewska, A.

AU - Zalipska, J.

AU - Zhang, C.

AU - Zhang, Q.

AU - Zhen, S.

AU - Zipper, W.

PY - 2004/1/1

Y1 - 2004/1/1

N2 - The results reported in this paper are based on the analysis of the data recorded with the first half-module of the ICARUS T600 liquid argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC), during a technical run that took place on surface in Pavia (Italy). We include results from the linearity, uniformity and calibration of the electronics, measurements on the electron drift velocity in LAr at different electric fields, as well as the LAr purity achievement of the detector. Two complementary techniques were used to measure the drift electron lifetime inside the active volume: the first, from the data of a purity monitor, gives a measurement localized in space; the second, based on the study of the signals produced by long minimum ionizing tracks crossing the detector, provides a LAr volume averaged value. Both methods yield consistent results over the whole data taking period and are compatible with an uniform LAr purity over the whole volume. The maximal drift electron lifetime value was recorded before the run stop and was about 1.8 ms. From an interpretation of the observed drift electron lifetime as a function of time, we conclude that the adopted technology would allow for drift distances exceeding 3 m.

AB - The results reported in this paper are based on the analysis of the data recorded with the first half-module of the ICARUS T600 liquid argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC), during a technical run that took place on surface in Pavia (Italy). We include results from the linearity, uniformity and calibration of the electronics, measurements on the electron drift velocity in LAr at different electric fields, as well as the LAr purity achievement of the detector. Two complementary techniques were used to measure the drift electron lifetime inside the active volume: the first, from the data of a purity monitor, gives a measurement localized in space; the second, based on the study of the signals produced by long minimum ionizing tracks crossing the detector, provides a LAr volume averaged value. Both methods yield consistent results over the whole data taking period and are compatible with an uniform LAr purity over the whole volume. The maximal drift electron lifetime value was recorded before the run stop and was about 1.8 ms. From an interpretation of the observed drift electron lifetime as a function of time, we conclude that the adopted technology would allow for drift distances exceeding 3 m.

KW - Electron drift velocity

KW - LAr purity

KW - Liquid argon

KW - TPC

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DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2003.07.043

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JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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