Analysis of motor vehicle crash data in an urban trauma center: Implications for nursing practice and research

M. M. Bueno, N. Redeker, E. M. Norman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine the incidence of risk behaviors (safety restraint use and alcohol use) and demographic characteristics of motor vehicle crash victims. Design: Retrospective, descriptive, correlational. Setting: One major, urban, Level 1 trauma center. Subjects: The medical records of 864 motor vehicle crash victims (drivers, passengers, pedestrians, bicycle riders, and motorcycle riders) admitted to the trauma center between July 1, 1989, and June 30, 1990, were reviewed. Results: Eighty-two percent of motor vehicle occupants (403 drivers and passengers) were not wearing safety restraints at the time of the crash. Thirty-six percent of drivers (92) and 42% (47) of pedestrians were intoxicated on admission to the trauma center. Failure to use safety restraints was associated with alcohol use in this population. Subjects who engaged in risk behaviors were predominantly adolescent and young adult males. Conclusions: These data suggest the need for further research into correlates of risk behaviors and interventions to prevent future injury related to these behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)558-567
Number of pages10
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Critical Care
Volume21
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1992

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Nursing Research
Trauma Centers
Motor Vehicles
Risk-Taking
Safety
Alcohols
Motorcycles
Medical Records
Young Adult
Demography
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Research
Population
Pedestrians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Analysis of motor vehicle crash data in an urban trauma center : Implications for nursing practice and research. / Bueno, M. M.; Redeker, N.; Norman, E. M.

In: Heart and Lung: Journal of Critical Care, Vol. 21, No. 6, 1992, p. 558-567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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