Analysis of a T-cell tumor-specific breakpoint cluster at human chromosome 14q32

L. Mengle-Gaw, Donna Albertson, P. D. Sherrington, T. H. Rabbitts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cytogenetic abnormalities involving chromosome 14 band q32 are consistently observed in human T-cell tumors. Patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) are especially prone to development of these tumors, which frequently carry either inversion inv(14)(q11;q32) or translocation (t14;14)(q11;q32) chromosomes. We have previously shown that the cytogenetic breakpoints of one t(14;14)(q11;q32) chromosome and two inv(14)(q11;q32) chromosomes in T-cell tumors from AT and non-AT patients joint the T-cell receptor α chain locus, at chromosome band 14q11, with a region(s) at 14q32 centromeric of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (V(H)) gene IGHV. We now show that these two inv(14) breakpoints are linked by 2.1 kb of germ-line 14q32 DNA and that the three breakpoints define, by in situ hybridization analysis, a single locus at chromosome band 14q32.1 located about 15-20 million base pairs on the centromeric side of the IGH locus. Sequence analysis of the 14q32.1 breakpoint regions indicates that abnormal recombination does not universally result from mistaken V-D-J joining (D = diversity region; J = joining region). Therefore, we invoke a tumor selection model to describe the role of the 14q32.1 locus in tumor development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9171-9175
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume85
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1988

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Human Chromosomes
Chromosomes
T-Lymphocytes
Ataxia Telangiectasia
Neoplasms
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14
Telangiectasis
Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Germ Cells
Cytogenetics
Base Pairing
Chromosome Aberrations
Genetic Recombination
In Situ Hybridization
Sequence Analysis
Joints
DNA
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

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Analysis of a T-cell tumor-specific breakpoint cluster at human chromosome 14q32. / Mengle-Gaw, L.; Albertson, Donna; Sherrington, P. D.; Rabbitts, T. H.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 85, No. 23, 1988, p. 9171-9175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Cytogenetic abnormalities involving chromosome 14 band q32 are consistently observed in human T-cell tumors. Patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) are especially prone to development of these tumors, which frequently carry either inversion inv(14)(q11;q32) or translocation (t14;14)(q11;q32) chromosomes. We have previously shown that the cytogenetic breakpoints of one t(14;14)(q11;q32) chromosome and two inv(14)(q11;q32) chromosomes in T-cell tumors from AT and non-AT patients joint the T-cell receptor α chain locus, at chromosome band 14q11, with a region(s) at 14q32 centromeric of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (V(H)) gene IGHV. We now show that these two inv(14) breakpoints are linked by 2.1 kb of germ-line 14q32 DNA and that the three breakpoints define, by in situ hybridization analysis, a single locus at chromosome band 14q32.1 located about 15-20 million base pairs on the centromeric side of the IGH locus. Sequence analysis of the 14q32.1 breakpoint regions indicates that abnormal recombination does not universally result from mistaken V-D-J joining (D = diversity region; J = joining region). Therefore, we invoke a tumor selection model to describe the role of the 14q32.1 locus in tumor development.

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