An mHealth intervention to improve medication adherence among patients with coronary heart disease in China

Development of an intervention

Zhao Ni, Changqing Liu, Bei Wu, Qing Yang, Christian Douglas, Ryan Jeffrey Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: With this study, we aimed to develop a mobile technology (mHealth) intervention to improve medication adherence among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: The study was conducted in two phases with CHD patients from a Cardiology Department of a hospital located in China. Each phase was independent from the other. Phase 1 tested the integration of the two apps — “WeChat” and “BB Reminder” — as an mHealth intervention. All participants received the same educational materials via WeChat every two days. Participants in the experimental group received a reminder from BB Reminder for every dose of their medications. The duration of Phase 1 was 30 days for each participant. Phase 2 refined the intervention, in which educational materials were sent every five days rather than every two days, and medication-taking reminders were sent daily rather than every dose. Results: In Phase 1, an mHealth intervention was developed by integrating two mobile apps. In Phase 2, medication adherence increased at 30-day follow-up in both groups compared to baseline. At the 30-day follow-up, the mean of the decrease in medication non-adherence score in the experimental group (M = −1.35, SD = 2.18, n = 36) was more than the decrease in control group (M = −0.69, SD = 1.58, n = 36), which means the medication adherence improved more in the experimental group. Conclusion: The feasibility of using mHealth to remind CHD patients to take their medications is high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Medication Adherence
Telemedicine
Coronary Disease
China
Mobile Applications
Hospital Departments
Cardiology
Technology
Control Groups

Keywords

  • China
  • Coronary disease
  • Medication adherence
  • mHealth
  • Mobile applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

An mHealth intervention to improve medication adherence among patients with coronary heart disease in China : Development of an intervention. / Ni, Zhao; Liu, Changqing; Wu, Bei; Yang, Qing; Douglas, Christian; Shaw, Ryan Jeffrey.

In: International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives: With this study, we aimed to develop a mobile technology (mHealth) intervention to improve medication adherence among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: The study was conducted in two phases with CHD patients from a Cardiology Department of a hospital located in China. Each phase was independent from the other. Phase 1 tested the integration of the two apps — “WeChat” and “BB Reminder” — as an mHealth intervention. All participants received the same educational materials via WeChat every two days. Participants in the experimental group received a reminder from BB Reminder for every dose of their medications. The duration of Phase 1 was 30 days for each participant. Phase 2 refined the intervention, in which educational materials were sent every five days rather than every two days, and medication-taking reminders were sent daily rather than every dose. Results: In Phase 1, an mHealth intervention was developed by integrating two mobile apps. In Phase 2, medication adherence increased at 30-day follow-up in both groups compared to baseline. At the 30-day follow-up, the mean of the decrease in medication non-adherence score in the experimental group (M = −1.35, SD = 2.18, n = 36) was more than the decrease in control group (M = −0.69, SD = 1.58, n = 36), which means the medication adherence improved more in the experimental group. Conclusion: The feasibility of using mHealth to remind CHD patients to take their medications is high.",
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