An isoperimetric theorem in plane geometry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Let P be a simple polygon. Let the vertices of P be mapped, according to a counterclockwise traversal of the boundary, into a strictly increasing sequence of real numbers in [0, 2π). Let a ray be drawn from each vertex so that the angle formed by the ray and a horizontal line pointing to the right equals, in measure, the number mapped to the vertex. Whenever the rays from two consecutive vertices intersect, let them induce the triangular region with extreme points comprising the vertices and the intersection point. It is shown that there is a fixed α such that if all of the assigned angles are increased by α the triangular regions induced by the redirected rays cover the interior of P. This covering implies the standard isoperimetric inequalities in two dimensions, as well as several new inequalities, and resolves a question posed by Yaglom and Boltanskiǐ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-255
Number of pages17
JournalDiscrete and Computational Geometry
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Isoperimetric theorem
Half line
Geometry
Triangular
Anticlockwise
Angle
Simple Polygon
Monotonic increasing sequence
Isoperimetric Inequality
Extreme Points
Vertex of a graph
Intersect
Consecutive
Resolve
Two Dimensions
Interior
Covering
Horizontal
Strictly
Intersection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Geometry and Topology

Cite this

An isoperimetric theorem in plane geometry. / Siegel, Alan.

In: Discrete and Computational Geometry, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2003, p. 239-255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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