An investigation of the impact of facial affect recognition impairments in moderate to severe TBI on fatigue, depression, and quality of life

Helen M. Genova, Andrew Genualdi, Yael Goverover, Nancy D. Chiaravalloti, Cherylynn Marino, Jeannie Lengenfelder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been shown to experience significant problems in facial affect recognition (FAR). However, it is not known how these impairments relate to overall functioning and quality of life (QoL) following TBI. The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that worse performance on an FAR task would be associated with reduced QoL (related to social and emotional functioning), worse mood, and increased fatigue. Forty-seven individuals with TBI and 27 healthy controls (HCs) completed the facial emotion identification task (FEIT), as well as questionnaires assessing social and emotional QoL, mood, and fatigue. The TBI group performed significantly worse than HCs on the FEIT. A significant relationship between FAR and fatigue and QoL related to social and emotional functioning was documented, but in an unexpected direction: individuals who performed better on the FEIT reported poorer QoL and greater fatigue. Individuals who have better FAR may require increased effort to perform this task, and thus experience greater fatigue and poorer social and emotional QoL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalSocial Neuroscience
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 30 2016

Fingerprint

quality of life
fatigue
Fatigue
brain
Quality of Life
Depression
Emotions
emotion
mood
Traumatic Brain Injury
experience
questionnaire
performance
Group

Keywords

  • emotional processing
  • Facial emotion identification task (FEIT)
  • fatigue
  • quality of life
  • social cognition
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Development
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

An investigation of the impact of facial affect recognition impairments in moderate to severe TBI on fatigue, depression, and quality of life. / Genova, Helen M.; Genualdi, Andrew; Goverover, Yael; Chiaravalloti, Nancy D.; Marino, Cherylynn; Lengenfelder, Jeannie.

In: Social Neuroscience, 30.04.2016, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Genova, Helen M. ; Genualdi, Andrew ; Goverover, Yael ; Chiaravalloti, Nancy D. ; Marino, Cherylynn ; Lengenfelder, Jeannie. / An investigation of the impact of facial affect recognition impairments in moderate to severe TBI on fatigue, depression, and quality of life. In: Social Neuroscience. 2016 ; pp. 1-5.
@article{b46c2fc2f69a42c4bcb7b02ab07af061,
title = "An investigation of the impact of facial affect recognition impairments in moderate to severe TBI on fatigue, depression, and quality of life",
abstract = "Individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been shown to experience significant problems in facial affect recognition (FAR). However, it is not known how these impairments relate to overall functioning and quality of life (QoL) following TBI. The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that worse performance on an FAR task would be associated with reduced QoL (related to social and emotional functioning), worse mood, and increased fatigue. Forty-seven individuals with TBI and 27 healthy controls (HCs) completed the facial emotion identification task (FEIT), as well as questionnaires assessing social and emotional QoL, mood, and fatigue. The TBI group performed significantly worse than HCs on the FEIT. A significant relationship between FAR and fatigue and QoL related to social and emotional functioning was documented, but in an unexpected direction: individuals who performed better on the FEIT reported poorer QoL and greater fatigue. Individuals who have better FAR may require increased effort to perform this task, and thus experience greater fatigue and poorer social and emotional QoL.",
keywords = "emotional processing, Facial emotion identification task (FEIT), fatigue, quality of life, social cognition, traumatic brain injury",
author = "Genova, {Helen M.} and Andrew Genualdi and Yael Goverover and Chiaravalloti, {Nancy D.} and Cherylynn Marino and Jeannie Lengenfelder",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1080/17470919.2016.1173584",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--5",
journal = "Social Neuroscience",
issn = "1747-0919",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An investigation of the impact of facial affect recognition impairments in moderate to severe TBI on fatigue, depression, and quality of life

AU - Genova, Helen M.

AU - Genualdi, Andrew

AU - Goverover, Yael

AU - Chiaravalloti, Nancy D.

AU - Marino, Cherylynn

AU - Lengenfelder, Jeannie

PY - 2016/4/30

Y1 - 2016/4/30

N2 - Individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been shown to experience significant problems in facial affect recognition (FAR). However, it is not known how these impairments relate to overall functioning and quality of life (QoL) following TBI. The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that worse performance on an FAR task would be associated with reduced QoL (related to social and emotional functioning), worse mood, and increased fatigue. Forty-seven individuals with TBI and 27 healthy controls (HCs) completed the facial emotion identification task (FEIT), as well as questionnaires assessing social and emotional QoL, mood, and fatigue. The TBI group performed significantly worse than HCs on the FEIT. A significant relationship between FAR and fatigue and QoL related to social and emotional functioning was documented, but in an unexpected direction: individuals who performed better on the FEIT reported poorer QoL and greater fatigue. Individuals who have better FAR may require increased effort to perform this task, and thus experience greater fatigue and poorer social and emotional QoL.

AB - Individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been shown to experience significant problems in facial affect recognition (FAR). However, it is not known how these impairments relate to overall functioning and quality of life (QoL) following TBI. The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that worse performance on an FAR task would be associated with reduced QoL (related to social and emotional functioning), worse mood, and increased fatigue. Forty-seven individuals with TBI and 27 healthy controls (HCs) completed the facial emotion identification task (FEIT), as well as questionnaires assessing social and emotional QoL, mood, and fatigue. The TBI group performed significantly worse than HCs on the FEIT. A significant relationship between FAR and fatigue and QoL related to social and emotional functioning was documented, but in an unexpected direction: individuals who performed better on the FEIT reported poorer QoL and greater fatigue. Individuals who have better FAR may require increased effort to perform this task, and thus experience greater fatigue and poorer social and emotional QoL.

KW - emotional processing

KW - Facial emotion identification task (FEIT)

KW - fatigue

KW - quality of life

KW - social cognition

KW - traumatic brain injury

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84964491085&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84964491085&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17470919.2016.1173584

DO - 10.1080/17470919.2016.1173584

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 5

JO - Social Neuroscience

JF - Social Neuroscience

SN - 1747-0919

ER -