An Increase of Excitatory-to-Inhibitory Synaptic Balance in the Contralateral Cortico-Striatal Pathway Underlies Improved Stroke Recovery in BDNF Val66Met SNP Mice

Luye Qin, Hannah S. Actor-Engel, Moon Sook Woo, Faariah Shakil, Yi Wen Chen, Sunghee Cho, Chiye Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite negative association in cognition and memory, mice harboring Val66Met BDNF SNP (BDNFM/M) exhibit enhanced motor recovery accompanied by elevated excitatory synaptic markers VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 in striatum contralateral to unilateral ischemic stroke. The cortico-striatal pathway is a critical gateway for plasticity of motor/gait function. We hypothesized that enhanced excitability of the cortico-striatal pathway, especially of the contralateral hemisphere, underlies improved motor recovery. To test this hypothesis, we examined the key molecules involving excitatory synaptogenesis: Thrombospondins (TSP1/2) and their neuronal receptor α2δ-1. In WT brains, stroke induced expressions of TSP1/2-mRNA. The contralateral hemisphere of BDNFM/M mice showed heightened TSP2 and α2δ-1 mRNA and protein specifically at 6 months post-stroke. Immunoreactivities of TSPs and α2δ-1 were increased in cortical layers 1/2 of stroked BDNFM/M animals compared with BDNFM/M sham brains at this time. Areal densities of excitatory synapses in cortical layer 1 and striatum were also increased in stroked BDNFM/M brains, relative to stroked WT brains. Notably, the frequency of GABAergic synapses was greatly reduced along distal dendrites in cortical layer 1 in BDNFM/M brains, whether or not stroked, compared with WT brains. There was no effect of genotype or treatment on the density of GABAergic synapses onto striatal medium spiny neurons. The study identified molecular and synaptic substrates in the contralateral hemisphere of BDNFM/M mice, especially in cortical layers 1/2, which indicates selective region-related synaptic plasticity. The study suggests that an increase in excitatory-to-inhibitory synaptic balance along the contralateral cortico-striatal pathway underlies the enhanced functional recovery of BDNFM/M mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Corpus Striatum
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Stroke
Brain
Synapses
Thrombospondin 1
Thrombospondins
Messenger RNA
Neuronal Plasticity
Dendrites
Gait
Cognition
Genotype
Neurons
Proteins

Keywords

  • BDNF
  • cortico-striatal pathway
  • neural circuit
  • recovery
  • SNP
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

An Increase of Excitatory-to-Inhibitory Synaptic Balance in the Contralateral Cortico-Striatal Pathway Underlies Improved Stroke Recovery in BDNF Val66Met SNP Mice. / Qin, Luye; Actor-Engel, Hannah S.; Woo, Moon Sook; Shakil, Faariah; Chen, Yi Wen; Cho, Sunghee; Aoki, Chiye.

In: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Despite negative association in cognition and memory, mice harboring Val66Met BDNF SNP (BDNFM/M) exhibit enhanced motor recovery accompanied by elevated excitatory synaptic markers VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 in striatum contralateral to unilateral ischemic stroke. The cortico-striatal pathway is a critical gateway for plasticity of motor/gait function. We hypothesized that enhanced excitability of the cortico-striatal pathway, especially of the contralateral hemisphere, underlies improved motor recovery. To test this hypothesis, we examined the key molecules involving excitatory synaptogenesis: Thrombospondins (TSP1/2) and their neuronal receptor α2δ-1. In WT brains, stroke induced expressions of TSP1/2-mRNA. The contralateral hemisphere of BDNFM/M mice showed heightened TSP2 and α2δ-1 mRNA and protein specifically at 6 months post-stroke. Immunoreactivities of TSPs and α2δ-1 were increased in cortical layers 1/2 of stroked BDNFM/M animals compared with BDNFM/M sham brains at this time. Areal densities of excitatory synapses in cortical layer 1 and striatum were also increased in stroked BDNFM/M brains, relative to stroked WT brains. Notably, the frequency of GABAergic synapses was greatly reduced along distal dendrites in cortical layer 1 in BDNFM/M brains, whether or not stroked, compared with WT brains. There was no effect of genotype or treatment on the density of GABAergic synapses onto striatal medium spiny neurons. The study identified molecular and synaptic substrates in the contralateral hemisphere of BDNFM/M mice, especially in cortical layers 1/2, which indicates selective region-related synaptic plasticity. The study suggests that an increase in excitatory-to-inhibitory synaptic balance along the contralateral cortico-striatal pathway underlies the enhanced functional recovery of BDNFM/M mice.",
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