An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes

A. M. Soderberg, S. R. Kulkarni, D. B. Fox, E. Berger, P. A. Price, S. B. Cenko, D. A. Howell, A. Gal-Yam, D. C. Leonard, D. A. Frail, D. Moon, R. A. Chevalier, M. Hamuy, K. C. Hurley, D. Kelson, K. Koviak, W. Krzeminski, P. Kumar, A. MacFadyen, P. J. McCarthyH. S. Park, B. A. Peterson, M. M. Phillips, M. Rauch, M. Roth, B. P. Schmidt, S. Shectman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We present the results from a Hubble Space Telescope ACS search for supernovae associated with X-ray flashes 020903, 040701, 040812, and 040916. We find strong evidence that XRF 020903 (z = 0.25) was associated with a SN 1998bw-like supernova and confirm this using optical spectroscopy at t ∼ 25 days. We find no evidence, however, for SN 1998bw-like supernovae associated with the other three events. In the case of XRF 040701 (z = 0.21), we rule out even a faint supernova similar to SN 2002ap, using template light curves for several local Type le supernovae. For the two cases in which the redshift is not known, XRFs 040812 and 040916, we derive robust redshift limits, assuming that they were accompanied by supernovae similar to SN 1998bw, and compare these limits with photometric redshift constraints provided by their host galaxies. We supplement this analysis with results for three additional events (XRFs 011030, 020427, and 030723) and discuss the observed diversity of supernovae associated with X-ray flashes and gamma-ray bursts. We conclude that XRF-SNe exist but can be significantly fainter than SN 1998bw, possibly consistent with the observed spread in local Type Ibc supernovae.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)877-887
    Number of pages11
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume627
    Issue number2 I
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 10 2005

    Fingerprint

    X-ray fluorescence
    supernovae
    flash
    x rays
    spectroscopy
    supplements
    gamma ray bursts
    Hubble Space Telescope
    light curve
    templates
    galaxies

    Keywords

    • Gamma rays: bursts
    • Radiation mechanisms: nonthermal
    • X-rays: bursts

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Soderberg, A. M., Kulkarni, S. R., Fox, D. B., Berger, E., Price, P. A., Cenko, S. B., ... Shectman, S. (2005). An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes. Astrophysical Journal, 627(2 I), 877-887. https://doi.org/10.1086/430405

    An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes. / Soderberg, A. M.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Fox, D. B.; Berger, E.; Price, P. A.; Cenko, S. B.; Howell, D. A.; Gal-Yam, A.; Leonard, D. C.; Frail, D. A.; Moon, D.; Chevalier, R. A.; Hamuy, M.; Hurley, K. C.; Kelson, D.; Koviak, K.; Krzeminski, W.; Kumar, P.; MacFadyen, A.; McCarthy, P. J.; Park, H. S.; Peterson, B. A.; Phillips, M. M.; Rauch, M.; Roth, M.; Schmidt, B. P.; Shectman, S.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 627, No. 2 I, 10.07.2005, p. 877-887.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Soderberg, AM, Kulkarni, SR, Fox, DB, Berger, E, Price, PA, Cenko, SB, Howell, DA, Gal-Yam, A, Leonard, DC, Frail, DA, Moon, D, Chevalier, RA, Hamuy, M, Hurley, KC, Kelson, D, Koviak, K, Krzeminski, W, Kumar, P, MacFadyen, A, McCarthy, PJ, Park, HS, Peterson, BA, Phillips, MM, Rauch, M, Roth, M, Schmidt, BP & Shectman, S 2005, 'An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 627, no. 2 I, pp. 877-887. https://doi.org/10.1086/430405
    Soderberg AM, Kulkarni SR, Fox DB, Berger E, Price PA, Cenko SB et al. An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes. Astrophysical Journal. 2005 Jul 10;627(2 I):877-887. https://doi.org/10.1086/430405
    Soderberg, A. M. ; Kulkarni, S. R. ; Fox, D. B. ; Berger, E. ; Price, P. A. ; Cenko, S. B. ; Howell, D. A. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Leonard, D. C. ; Frail, D. A. ; Moon, D. ; Chevalier, R. A. ; Hamuy, M. ; Hurley, K. C. ; Kelson, D. ; Koviak, K. ; Krzeminski, W. ; Kumar, P. ; MacFadyen, A. ; McCarthy, P. J. ; Park, H. S. ; Peterson, B. A. ; Phillips, M. M. ; Rauch, M. ; Roth, M. ; Schmidt, B. P. ; Shectman, S. / An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 627, No. 2 I. pp. 877-887.
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    abstract = "We present the results from a Hubble Space Telescope ACS search for supernovae associated with X-ray flashes 020903, 040701, 040812, and 040916. We find strong evidence that XRF 020903 (z = 0.25) was associated with a SN 1998bw-like supernova and confirm this using optical spectroscopy at t ∼ 25 days. We find no evidence, however, for SN 1998bw-like supernovae associated with the other three events. In the case of XRF 040701 (z = 0.21), we rule out even a faint supernova similar to SN 2002ap, using template light curves for several local Type le supernovae. For the two cases in which the redshift is not known, XRFs 040812 and 040916, we derive robust redshift limits, assuming that they were accompanied by supernovae similar to SN 1998bw, and compare these limits with photometric redshift constraints provided by their host galaxies. We supplement this analysis with results for three additional events (XRFs 011030, 020427, and 030723) and discuss the observed diversity of supernovae associated with X-ray flashes and gamma-ray bursts. We conclude that XRF-SNe exist but can be significantly fainter than SN 1998bw, possibly consistent with the observed spread in local Type Ibc supernovae.",
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    T1 - An HST search for supernovae accompanying X-ray flashes

    AU - Soderberg, A. M.

    AU - Kulkarni, S. R.

    AU - Fox, D. B.

    AU - Berger, E.

    AU - Price, P. A.

    AU - Cenko, S. B.

    AU - Howell, D. A.

    AU - Gal-Yam, A.

    AU - Leonard, D. C.

    AU - Frail, D. A.

    AU - Moon, D.

    AU - Chevalier, R. A.

    AU - Hamuy, M.

    AU - Hurley, K. C.

    AU - Kelson, D.

    AU - Koviak, K.

    AU - Krzeminski, W.

    AU - Kumar, P.

    AU - MacFadyen, A.

    AU - McCarthy, P. J.

    AU - Park, H. S.

    AU - Peterson, B. A.

    AU - Phillips, M. M.

    AU - Rauch, M.

    AU - Roth, M.

    AU - Schmidt, B. P.

    AU - Shectman, S.

    PY - 2005/7/10

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    N2 - We present the results from a Hubble Space Telescope ACS search for supernovae associated with X-ray flashes 020903, 040701, 040812, and 040916. We find strong evidence that XRF 020903 (z = 0.25) was associated with a SN 1998bw-like supernova and confirm this using optical spectroscopy at t ∼ 25 days. We find no evidence, however, for SN 1998bw-like supernovae associated with the other three events. In the case of XRF 040701 (z = 0.21), we rule out even a faint supernova similar to SN 2002ap, using template light curves for several local Type le supernovae. For the two cases in which the redshift is not known, XRFs 040812 and 040916, we derive robust redshift limits, assuming that they were accompanied by supernovae similar to SN 1998bw, and compare these limits with photometric redshift constraints provided by their host galaxies. We supplement this analysis with results for three additional events (XRFs 011030, 020427, and 030723) and discuss the observed diversity of supernovae associated with X-ray flashes and gamma-ray bursts. We conclude that XRF-SNe exist but can be significantly fainter than SN 1998bw, possibly consistent with the observed spread in local Type Ibc supernovae.

    AB - We present the results from a Hubble Space Telescope ACS search for supernovae associated with X-ray flashes 020903, 040701, 040812, and 040916. We find strong evidence that XRF 020903 (z = 0.25) was associated with a SN 1998bw-like supernova and confirm this using optical spectroscopy at t ∼ 25 days. We find no evidence, however, for SN 1998bw-like supernovae associated with the other three events. In the case of XRF 040701 (z = 0.21), we rule out even a faint supernova similar to SN 2002ap, using template light curves for several local Type le supernovae. For the two cases in which the redshift is not known, XRFs 040812 and 040916, we derive robust redshift limits, assuming that they were accompanied by supernovae similar to SN 1998bw, and compare these limits with photometric redshift constraints provided by their host galaxies. We supplement this analysis with results for three additional events (XRFs 011030, 020427, and 030723) and discuss the observed diversity of supernovae associated with X-ray flashes and gamma-ray bursts. We conclude that XRF-SNe exist but can be significantly fainter than SN 1998bw, possibly consistent with the observed spread in local Type Ibc supernovae.

    KW - Gamma rays: bursts

    KW - Radiation mechanisms: nonthermal

    KW - X-rays: bursts

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