### Abstract

The generalized null space decomposition (GNSD) is a unitary reduction of a general matrix A of order n to a block upper triangular form that reveals the structure of the Jordan blocks of A corresponding to a zero eigenvalue. The reduction was introduced by Kublanovskaya. It was extended first by Ruhe and then by Golub and Wilkinson, who based the reduction on the singular value decomposition. Unfortunately, if A has large Jordan blocks, the complexity of these algorithms can approach the order of n^{4}. This paper presents an alternative algorithm, based on repeated updates of a QR decomposition of A, that is guaranteed to be of order n^{3}. Numerical experiments confirm the stability of this algorithm, which turns out to produce essentially the same form as that of Golub and Wilkinson. The effect of errors in A on the ability to recover the original structure is investigated empirically. Several applications are discussed, including the computation of the Drazin inverse.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 38-54 |

Number of pages | 17 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications |

Volume | 36 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2015 |

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### Keywords

- Drazin inverse
- Generalized null space
- Jordan form
- Staircase algorithms

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Analysis

### Cite this

*SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications*,

*36*(1), 38-54. https://doi.org/10.1137/140956737