Amplitudes and lifetimes of solar-like oscillations observed by CoRoT: Red-giant versus main-sequence stars

F. Baudin, C. Barban, K. Belkacem, S. Hekker, T. Morel, R. Samadi, Othman Benomar, M. J. Goupil, F. Carrier, J. Ballot, S. Deheuvels, J. De Ridder, A. P. Hatzes, T. Kallinger, W. W. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context. The advent of space-borne missions such as CoRoT or Kepler providing photometric data has brought new possibilities for asteroseismology across the H-R diagram. Solar-like oscillations are now observed in many stars, including red giants and main-sequence stars. Aims. Based on several hundred identified pulsating red giants, we aim to characterize their oscillation amplitudes and widths. These observables are compared with those of main-sequence stars in order to test trends and scaling laws for these parameters for main-sequence stars and red giants. Methods. An automated fitting procedure is used to analyze several hundred Fourier spectra. For each star, a modeled spectrum is fitted to the observed oscillation spectrum, and mode parameters are derived. Results. Amplitudes and widths of red-giant solar-like oscillations are estimated for several hundred modes of oscillation. Amplitudes are relatively high (several hundred ppm) and widths relatively small (very few tenths of a μHz). Conclusions. Widths measured in main-sequence stars show a different variation with the effective temperature from red giants. A single scaling law is derived for mode amplitudes of red giants and main-sequence stars versus their luminosity to mass ratio. However, our results suggest that two regimes may also be compatible with the observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA84
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume529
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 13 2011

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solar oscillations
giant stars
main sequence stars
oscillation
life (durability)
scaling laws
oscillations
red giant stars
asteroseismology
mass ratios
diagram
diagrams
luminosity
trends
stars
temperature

Keywords

  • Asteroseismology
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Stars: oscillations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Amplitudes and lifetimes of solar-like oscillations observed by CoRoT : Red-giant versus main-sequence stars. / Baudin, F.; Barban, C.; Belkacem, K.; Hekker, S.; Morel, T.; Samadi, R.; Benomar, Othman; Goupil, M. J.; Carrier, F.; Ballot, J.; Deheuvels, S.; De Ridder, J.; Hatzes, A. P.; Kallinger, T.; Weiss, W. W.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 529, A84, 13.04.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baudin, F, Barban, C, Belkacem, K, Hekker, S, Morel, T, Samadi, R, Benomar, O, Goupil, MJ, Carrier, F, Ballot, J, Deheuvels, S, De Ridder, J, Hatzes, AP, Kallinger, T & Weiss, WW 2011, 'Amplitudes and lifetimes of solar-like oscillations observed by CoRoT: Red-giant versus main-sequence stars', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 529, A84. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201014037
Baudin, F. ; Barban, C. ; Belkacem, K. ; Hekker, S. ; Morel, T. ; Samadi, R. ; Benomar, Othman ; Goupil, M. J. ; Carrier, F. ; Ballot, J. ; Deheuvels, S. ; De Ridder, J. ; Hatzes, A. P. ; Kallinger, T. ; Weiss, W. W. / Amplitudes and lifetimes of solar-like oscillations observed by CoRoT : Red-giant versus main-sequence stars. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2011 ; Vol. 529.
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AU - Baudin, F.

AU - Barban, C.

AU - Belkacem, K.

AU - Hekker, S.

AU - Morel, T.

AU - Samadi, R.

AU - Benomar, Othman

AU - Goupil, M. J.

AU - Carrier, F.

AU - Ballot, J.

AU - Deheuvels, S.

AU - De Ridder, J.

AU - Hatzes, A. P.

AU - Kallinger, T.

AU - Weiss, W. W.

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N2 - Context. The advent of space-borne missions such as CoRoT or Kepler providing photometric data has brought new possibilities for asteroseismology across the H-R diagram. Solar-like oscillations are now observed in many stars, including red giants and main-sequence stars. Aims. Based on several hundred identified pulsating red giants, we aim to characterize their oscillation amplitudes and widths. These observables are compared with those of main-sequence stars in order to test trends and scaling laws for these parameters for main-sequence stars and red giants. Methods. An automated fitting procedure is used to analyze several hundred Fourier spectra. For each star, a modeled spectrum is fitted to the observed oscillation spectrum, and mode parameters are derived. Results. Amplitudes and widths of red-giant solar-like oscillations are estimated for several hundred modes of oscillation. Amplitudes are relatively high (several hundred ppm) and widths relatively small (very few tenths of a μHz). Conclusions. Widths measured in main-sequence stars show a different variation with the effective temperature from red giants. A single scaling law is derived for mode amplitudes of red giants and main-sequence stars versus their luminosity to mass ratio. However, our results suggest that two regimes may also be compatible with the observations.

AB - Context. The advent of space-borne missions such as CoRoT or Kepler providing photometric data has brought new possibilities for asteroseismology across the H-R diagram. Solar-like oscillations are now observed in many stars, including red giants and main-sequence stars. Aims. Based on several hundred identified pulsating red giants, we aim to characterize their oscillation amplitudes and widths. These observables are compared with those of main-sequence stars in order to test trends and scaling laws for these parameters for main-sequence stars and red giants. Methods. An automated fitting procedure is used to analyze several hundred Fourier spectra. For each star, a modeled spectrum is fitted to the observed oscillation spectrum, and mode parameters are derived. Results. Amplitudes and widths of red-giant solar-like oscillations are estimated for several hundred modes of oscillation. Amplitudes are relatively high (several hundred ppm) and widths relatively small (very few tenths of a μHz). Conclusions. Widths measured in main-sequence stars show a different variation with the effective temperature from red giants. A single scaling law is derived for mode amplitudes of red giants and main-sequence stars versus their luminosity to mass ratio. However, our results suggest that two regimes may also be compatible with the observations.

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