Ammonia Removal from Saline Water by Direct Contact Membrane Distillation

Chel-Ken Chiam, Azreen Ibrahim, Rosalam Sarbatly, A Hasanoglu, F Rebolledo, C. Cojocaru, E Bekassy-Molnar, Caterina Barbieri, Nidal Hilal

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Abstract

This study demonstrates desalination using cross-flow Vacuum Membrane Distillation (VMD) under negative membrane pressure differences. The membrane pressure difference is defined as the partial pressure difference of water vapour between the upstream membrane surface and the downstream membrane surface. The negative membrane pressure differences are resulted from the low feed temperatures (40-60°C) and the high downstream pressures (14.5-40 kPa). The experimental results showed that positive fluxes (2-3.6 kg m-2 h) take place although the system is operated under the negative membrane pressure differences. The humidity on upstream side higher than the humidity on downstream side allows the water vapour transfers from the feed to the permeate sides.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-18
JournalAmerican Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume14
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2012

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Chiam, C-K., Ibrahim, A., Sarbatly, R., Hasanoglu, A., Rebolledo, F., Cojocaru, C., Bekassy-Molnar, E., Barbieri, C., & Hilal, N. (2012). Ammonia Removal from Saline Water by Direct Contact Membrane Distillation. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 14(12), 2-18.