Air quality in New York city hookah bars

Sherry Zhou, Michael Weitzman, Ruzmyn Vilcassim, Jennifer Wilson, Nina Legrand, Eric Saunders, Mark Travers, Lung Chi Chen, Richard Peltier, Terry Gordon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background Hookahs are increasingly being used in the USA and elsewhere. Despite the popularity of hookah bars, there is a paucity of research assessing the health effects of hookah smoke, and although New York City (NYC) bans indoor tobacco smoking, hookah lounges claim that they only use herbal products without tobacco. This study investigated levels of multiple indices of indoor air pollution in hookah bars in NYC. Methods Air samples were collected in 8 hookah bars in NYC. Along with venue characteristics, real-time measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon (BC), and carbon monoxide (CO), and total gravimetric PM, elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and nicotine were collected in 1-2 hour sessions. Results Overall, levels of indoor air pollution increased with increasing numbers of active hookahs smoked. The mean (SD) real time PM2.5 level was 1179.9 (939.4) μg/m3, whereas the filter-based total PM mean was 691.3 (592.6) μg/m3. The mean real time BC level was 4.1 (2.3) μg/m3, OC was 237.9 (112.3) mg/m3, and CO was 32 (16) ppm. Airborne nicotine was present in all studied hookah bars (4.2 (1.5) μg/m3). Conclusions These results demonstrate that despite the ban on smoking tobacco products, at the very least, some NYC hookah bars are serving tobacco-based hookahs, and have elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants that may present a health threat to visitors and employees. Therefore, there is an urgent need for better air quality monitoring in such establishments and policies to combat this emerging public health threat.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)e193-e198
    JournalTobacco Control
    Volume24
    Issue numberE3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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    nicotine
    Air
    air
    Indoor Air Pollution
    Soot
    Carbon
    Carbon Monoxide
    Nicotine
    Tobacco Products
    Smoking
    air pollution
    ban
    Air Pollutants
    Particulate Matter
    smoking
    Health
    Smoke
    threat
    Tobacco
    Public Health

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Zhou, S., Weitzman, M., Vilcassim, R., Wilson, J., Legrand, N., Saunders, E., ... Gordon, T. (2015). Air quality in New York city hookah bars. Tobacco Control, 24(E3), e193-e198. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051763

    Air quality in New York city hookah bars. / Zhou, Sherry; Weitzman, Michael; Vilcassim, Ruzmyn; Wilson, Jennifer; Legrand, Nina; Saunders, Eric; Travers, Mark; Chen, Lung Chi; Peltier, Richard; Gordon, Terry.

    In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 24, No. E3, 01.01.2015, p. e193-e198.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Zhou, S, Weitzman, M, Vilcassim, R, Wilson, J, Legrand, N, Saunders, E, Travers, M, Chen, LC, Peltier, R & Gordon, T 2015, 'Air quality in New York city hookah bars', Tobacco Control, vol. 24, no. E3, pp. e193-e198. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051763
    Zhou S, Weitzman M, Vilcassim R, Wilson J, Legrand N, Saunders E et al. Air quality in New York city hookah bars. Tobacco Control. 2015 Jan 1;24(E3):e193-e198. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051763
    Zhou, Sherry ; Weitzman, Michael ; Vilcassim, Ruzmyn ; Wilson, Jennifer ; Legrand, Nina ; Saunders, Eric ; Travers, Mark ; Chen, Lung Chi ; Peltier, Richard ; Gordon, Terry. / Air quality in New York city hookah bars. In: Tobacco Control. 2015 ; Vol. 24, No. E3. pp. e193-e198.
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    abstract = "Background Hookahs are increasingly being used in the USA and elsewhere. Despite the popularity of hookah bars, there is a paucity of research assessing the health effects of hookah smoke, and although New York City (NYC) bans indoor tobacco smoking, hookah lounges claim that they only use herbal products without tobacco. This study investigated levels of multiple indices of indoor air pollution in hookah bars in NYC. Methods Air samples were collected in 8 hookah bars in NYC. Along with venue characteristics, real-time measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon (BC), and carbon monoxide (CO), and total gravimetric PM, elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and nicotine were collected in 1-2 hour sessions. Results Overall, levels of indoor air pollution increased with increasing numbers of active hookahs smoked. The mean (SD) real time PM2.5 level was 1179.9 (939.4) μg/m3, whereas the filter-based total PM mean was 691.3 (592.6) μg/m3. The mean real time BC level was 4.1 (2.3) μg/m3, OC was 237.9 (112.3) mg/m3, and CO was 32 (16) ppm. Airborne nicotine was present in all studied hookah bars (4.2 (1.5) μg/m3). Conclusions These results demonstrate that despite the ban on smoking tobacco products, at the very least, some NYC hookah bars are serving tobacco-based hookahs, and have elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants that may present a health threat to visitors and employees. Therefore, there is an urgent need for better air quality monitoring in such establishments and policies to combat this emerging public health threat.",
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    N2 - Background Hookahs are increasingly being used in the USA and elsewhere. Despite the popularity of hookah bars, there is a paucity of research assessing the health effects of hookah smoke, and although New York City (NYC) bans indoor tobacco smoking, hookah lounges claim that they only use herbal products without tobacco. This study investigated levels of multiple indices of indoor air pollution in hookah bars in NYC. Methods Air samples were collected in 8 hookah bars in NYC. Along with venue characteristics, real-time measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon (BC), and carbon monoxide (CO), and total gravimetric PM, elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and nicotine were collected in 1-2 hour sessions. Results Overall, levels of indoor air pollution increased with increasing numbers of active hookahs smoked. The mean (SD) real time PM2.5 level was 1179.9 (939.4) μg/m3, whereas the filter-based total PM mean was 691.3 (592.6) μg/m3. The mean real time BC level was 4.1 (2.3) μg/m3, OC was 237.9 (112.3) mg/m3, and CO was 32 (16) ppm. Airborne nicotine was present in all studied hookah bars (4.2 (1.5) μg/m3). Conclusions These results demonstrate that despite the ban on smoking tobacco products, at the very least, some NYC hookah bars are serving tobacco-based hookahs, and have elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants that may present a health threat to visitors and employees. Therefore, there is an urgent need for better air quality monitoring in such establishments and policies to combat this emerging public health threat.

    AB - Background Hookahs are increasingly being used in the USA and elsewhere. Despite the popularity of hookah bars, there is a paucity of research assessing the health effects of hookah smoke, and although New York City (NYC) bans indoor tobacco smoking, hookah lounges claim that they only use herbal products without tobacco. This study investigated levels of multiple indices of indoor air pollution in hookah bars in NYC. Methods Air samples were collected in 8 hookah bars in NYC. Along with venue characteristics, real-time measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon (BC), and carbon monoxide (CO), and total gravimetric PM, elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and nicotine were collected in 1-2 hour sessions. Results Overall, levels of indoor air pollution increased with increasing numbers of active hookahs smoked. The mean (SD) real time PM2.5 level was 1179.9 (939.4) μg/m3, whereas the filter-based total PM mean was 691.3 (592.6) μg/m3. The mean real time BC level was 4.1 (2.3) μg/m3, OC was 237.9 (112.3) mg/m3, and CO was 32 (16) ppm. Airborne nicotine was present in all studied hookah bars (4.2 (1.5) μg/m3). Conclusions These results demonstrate that despite the ban on smoking tobacco products, at the very least, some NYC hookah bars are serving tobacco-based hookahs, and have elevated concentrations of indoor air pollutants that may present a health threat to visitors and employees. Therefore, there is an urgent need for better air quality monitoring in such establishments and policies to combat this emerging public health threat.

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