Aids and preventing initiation into intravenous (iv) drug use

Don Des Jarlais, Alan Kott, Samuel R. Friedman, Cathy Casriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Risk reduction efforts aimed at current intravenous drug users need to be supplemented by efforts that reduce the numbers of drug sniffers who go on to intravenous use. A pilot study suggests that young drug sniffers avoid injecting primarily because they fear loss of control over their lives and, as a result, becoming involved in actions they abhor. None gave fear of AIDS as a reason why they did not inject their drugs—even though almost all knew that AIDS was a fatal disease spread by sharing needles while injecting drugs. They believed that two forces could lead to their becoming injectors: increasing tolerance to sniffed heroin or social pressure from friends who inject. A program to prevent initiation into intravenous drug use is proposed; this program, based on social learning theory, aims to teach drug sniffers how to avoid or cope with situations in which they might be pressured into drug injection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-194
Number of pages16
JournalPsychology & Health
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1987

Fingerprint

Pharmaceutical Preparations
Fear
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Needle Sharing
Heroin
Risk Reduction Behavior
Drug Users
Pressure
Injections
Social Learning
Social Theory

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • IV drug use
  • prevention
  • risk reduction
  • social learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Aids and preventing initiation into intravenous (iv) drug use. / Des Jarlais, Don; Kott, Alan; Friedman, Samuel R.; Casriel, Cathy.

In: Psychology & Health, Vol. 1, No. 2, 01.09.1987, p. 179-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Des Jarlais, Don ; Kott, Alan ; Friedman, Samuel R. ; Casriel, Cathy. / Aids and preventing initiation into intravenous (iv) drug use. In: Psychology & Health. 1987 ; Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 179-194.
@article{b648c63908b94e82aad896e94eee71d2,
title = "Aids and preventing initiation into intravenous (iv) drug use",
abstract = "Risk reduction efforts aimed at current intravenous drug users need to be supplemented by efforts that reduce the numbers of drug sniffers who go on to intravenous use. A pilot study suggests that young drug sniffers avoid injecting primarily because they fear loss of control over their lives and, as a result, becoming involved in actions they abhor. None gave fear of AIDS as a reason why they did not inject their drugs—even though almost all knew that AIDS was a fatal disease spread by sharing needles while injecting drugs. They believed that two forces could lead to their becoming injectors: increasing tolerance to sniffed heroin or social pressure from friends who inject. A program to prevent initiation into intravenous drug use is proposed; this program, based on social learning theory, aims to teach drug sniffers how to avoid or cope with situations in which they might be pressured into drug injection.",
keywords = "AIDS, IV drug use, prevention, risk reduction, social learning",
author = "{Des Jarlais}, Don and Alan Kott and Friedman, {Samuel R.} and Cathy Casriel",
year = "1987",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/08870448708400324",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1",
pages = "179--194",
journal = "Psychology and Health",
issn = "0887-0446",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aids and preventing initiation into intravenous (iv) drug use

AU - Des Jarlais, Don

AU - Kott, Alan

AU - Friedman, Samuel R.

AU - Casriel, Cathy

PY - 1987/9/1

Y1 - 1987/9/1

N2 - Risk reduction efforts aimed at current intravenous drug users need to be supplemented by efforts that reduce the numbers of drug sniffers who go on to intravenous use. A pilot study suggests that young drug sniffers avoid injecting primarily because they fear loss of control over their lives and, as a result, becoming involved in actions they abhor. None gave fear of AIDS as a reason why they did not inject their drugs—even though almost all knew that AIDS was a fatal disease spread by sharing needles while injecting drugs. They believed that two forces could lead to their becoming injectors: increasing tolerance to sniffed heroin or social pressure from friends who inject. A program to prevent initiation into intravenous drug use is proposed; this program, based on social learning theory, aims to teach drug sniffers how to avoid or cope with situations in which they might be pressured into drug injection.

AB - Risk reduction efforts aimed at current intravenous drug users need to be supplemented by efforts that reduce the numbers of drug sniffers who go on to intravenous use. A pilot study suggests that young drug sniffers avoid injecting primarily because they fear loss of control over their lives and, as a result, becoming involved in actions they abhor. None gave fear of AIDS as a reason why they did not inject their drugs—even though almost all knew that AIDS was a fatal disease spread by sharing needles while injecting drugs. They believed that two forces could lead to their becoming injectors: increasing tolerance to sniffed heroin or social pressure from friends who inject. A program to prevent initiation into intravenous drug use is proposed; this program, based on social learning theory, aims to teach drug sniffers how to avoid or cope with situations in which they might be pressured into drug injection.

KW - AIDS

KW - IV drug use

KW - prevention

KW - risk reduction

KW - social learning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84963144878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84963144878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/08870448708400324

DO - 10.1080/08870448708400324

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84963144878

VL - 1

SP - 179

EP - 194

JO - Psychology and Health

JF - Psychology and Health

SN - 0887-0446

IS - 2

ER -