Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World

Natasha Duell, Laurence Steinberg, Grace Icenogle, Jason Chein, Nandita Chaudhary, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A. Dodge, Kostas A. Fanti, Jennifer E. Lansford, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T. Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Liane Peña Alampay, Suha M. Al-Hassan, Hanan M.S. Takash, Dario Bacchini, Lei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epidemiological data indicate that risk behaviors are among the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality worldwide. Consistent with this, laboratory-based studies of age differences in risk behavior allude to a peak in adolescence, suggesting that adolescents demonstrate a heightened propensity, or inherent inclination, to take risks. Unlike epidemiological reports, studies of risk taking propensity have been limited to Western samples, leaving questions about the extent to which heightened risk taking propensity is an inherent or culturally constructed aspect of adolescence. In the present study, age patterns in risk-taking propensity (using two laboratory tasks: the Stoplight and the BART) and real-world risk taking (using self-reports of health and antisocial risk taking) were examined in a sample of 5227 individuals (50.7% female) ages 10–30 (M = 17.05 years, SD = 5.91) from 11 Western and non-Western countries (China, Colombia, Cyprus, India, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the US). Two hypotheses were tested: (1) risk taking follows an inverted-U pattern across age groups, peaking earlier on measures of risk taking propensity than on measures of real-world risk taking, and (2) age patterns in risk taking propensity are more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Overall, risk taking followed the hypothesized inverted-U pattern across age groups, with health risk taking evincing the latest peak. Age patterns in risk taking propensity were more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Results suggest that although the association between age and risk taking is sensitive to measurement and culture, around the world, risk taking is generally highest among late adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1072
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Risk-Taking
adolescent
risk behavior
adolescence
age group
Age Groups
Cyprus
Jordan
age difference
Philippines
Colombia
Kenya
health risk
Health
Thailand
morbidity
Sweden
Self Report

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cross-national
  • Development
  • Risk taking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Duell, N., Steinberg, L., Icenogle, G., Chein, J., Chaudhary, N., Di Giunta, L., ... Chang, L. (2018). Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(5), 1052-1072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0752-y

Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World. / Duell, Natasha; Steinberg, Laurence; Icenogle, Grace; Chein, Jason; Chaudhary, Nandita; Di Giunta, Laura; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Fanti, Kostas A.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta; Skinner, Ann T.; Sorbring, Emma; Tapanya, Sombat; Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria; Alampay, Liane Peña; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Takash, Hanan M.S.; Bacchini, Dario; Chang, Lei.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 47, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 1052-1072.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Duell, N, Steinberg, L, Icenogle, G, Chein, J, Chaudhary, N, Di Giunta, L, Dodge, KA, Fanti, KA, Lansford, JE, Oburu, P, Pastorelli, C, Skinner, AT, Sorbring, E, Tapanya, S, Uribe Tirado, LM, Alampay, LP, Al-Hassan, SM, Takash, HMS, Bacchini, D & Chang, L 2018, 'Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World', Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1052-1072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0752-y
Duell N, Steinberg L, Icenogle G, Chein J, Chaudhary N, Di Giunta L et al. Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2018 May 1;47(5):1052-1072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0752-y
Duell, Natasha ; Steinberg, Laurence ; Icenogle, Grace ; Chein, Jason ; Chaudhary, Nandita ; Di Giunta, Laura ; Dodge, Kenneth A. ; Fanti, Kostas A. ; Lansford, Jennifer E. ; Oburu, Paul ; Pastorelli, Concetta ; Skinner, Ann T. ; Sorbring, Emma ; Tapanya, Sombat ; Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria ; Alampay, Liane Peña ; Al-Hassan, Suha M. ; Takash, Hanan M.S. ; Bacchini, Dario ; Chang, Lei. / Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 5. pp. 1052-1072.
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