African American women in the workplace

Relationships between job conditions, racial bias at work, and perceived job quality

Diane Hughes, Mark A. Dodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although studies have described work processes among employed African American women, few have examined the influence of these processes on job outcomes. This study examined relationships between African American women's exposure to a range of occupational Stressors, including two types of racial bias - institutional discrimination and interpersonal prejudice - and their evaluations of job quality. Findings indicated that institutional discrimination and interpersonal prejudice were more important predictors of job quality among these women than were other occupational Stressors such as low task variety and decision authority, heavy workloads, and poor supervision. Racial bias in the workplace was most likely to be reported by workers in predominantly white work settings. In addition, Black women who worked in service, semiskilled, and unskilled occupations reported significantly more institutional discrimination, but not more interpersonal prejudice, than did women in professional, managerial, and technical occupations or those in sales and clerical occupations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-599
Number of pages19
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume25
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Racism
Workplace
African Americans
workplace
Occupations
prejudice
trend
discrimination
technical occupation
occupation
Workload
workload
sales
supervision
American
worker
evaluation

Keywords

  • African American women
  • Institutional discrimination
  • Interpersonal prejudice
  • Job quality
  • Racial bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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