Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors

Stephen M. Amrock, Michael Weitzman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objective: Youth indoor tanning rates remain high despite the potential for increased melanoma risk. No previous study has assessed the prevalence of unhealthy weight control behaviors in both male and female adolescent indoor tanning users using a nationally representative survey. Methods: Pooled data on high school students from the 2009 and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used (n = 26,951). Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess associations between the recent indoor tanning use and recently doing the following to lose weight: fasting for more than 24 hours; taking a pill, powder, or liquid without a doctor's consent; and vomiting or taking a laxative. Results: Pooled data showed 23.3% of females reported indoor tanning within the past year; 6.5% of males did so as well. Adjusted multivariate results show that females who indoor tan were, on average, more likely to have fasted (odds ratio [OR], 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.5), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.9-3.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7) within the past 30 days than those who did not. Males who indoor tanned within the past year were, on average, more likely to have fasted (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.7-3.1), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 4.4; 95% CI, 3.3-6.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 4.4-11.4) within the past 30 days. Conclusions: Significant associations between indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors exist for both male and female adolescents, with a stronger association observed among males.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)165-171
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
    Volume35
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

    Tanning
    Behavior Control
    Odds Ratio
    Confidence Intervals
    Weights and Measures
    Laxatives
    Powders
    Risk-Taking
    Vomiting
    Melanoma
    Fasting
    Logistic Models
    Students

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors. / Amrock, Stephen M.; Weitzman, Michael.

    In: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 165-171.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Amrock, Stephen M. ; Weitzman, Michael. / Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors. In: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 165-171.
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    abstract = "Objective: Youth indoor tanning rates remain high despite the potential for increased melanoma risk. No previous study has assessed the prevalence of unhealthy weight control behaviors in both male and female adolescent indoor tanning users using a nationally representative survey. Methods: Pooled data on high school students from the 2009 and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used (n = 26,951). Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess associations between the recent indoor tanning use and recently doing the following to lose weight: fasting for more than 24 hours; taking a pill, powder, or liquid without a doctor's consent; and vomiting or taking a laxative. Results: Pooled data showed 23.3{\%} of females reported indoor tanning within the past year; 6.5{\%} of males did so as well. Adjusted multivariate results show that females who indoor tan were, on average, more likely to have fasted (odds ratio [OR], 1.2; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.5), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 2.4; 95{\%} CI, 1.9-3.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 1.4; 95{\%} CI, 1.1-1.7) within the past 30 days than those who did not. Males who indoor tanned within the past year were, on average, more likely to have fasted (OR, 2.3; 95{\%} CI, 1.7-3.1), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 4.4; 95{\%} CI, 3.3-6.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 7.1; 95{\%} CI, 4.4-11.4) within the past 30 days. Conclusions: Significant associations between indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors exist for both male and female adolescents, with a stronger association observed among males.",
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