Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors

Stephen M. Amrock, Michael Weitzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Youth indoor tanning rates remain high despite the potential for increased melanoma risk. No previous study has assessed the prevalence of unhealthy weight control behaviors in both male and female adolescent indoor tanning users using a nationally representative survey. Methods: Pooled data on high school students from the 2009 and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used (n = 26,951). Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess associations between the recent indoor tanning use and recently doing the following to lose weight: fasting for more than 24 hours; taking a pill, powder, or liquid without a doctor's consent; and vomiting or taking a laxative. Results: Pooled data showed 23.3% of females reported indoor tanning within the past year; 6.5% of males did so as well. Adjusted multivariate results show that females who indoor tan were, on average, more likely to have fasted (odds ratio [OR], 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.5), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.9-3.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7) within the past 30 days than those who did not. Males who indoor tanned within the past year were, on average, more likely to have fasted (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.7-3.1), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 4.4; 95% CI, 3.3-6.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 4.4-11.4) within the past 30 days. Conclusions: Significant associations between indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors exist for both male and female adolescents, with a stronger association observed among males.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Tanning
Behavior Control
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Weights and Measures
Laxatives
Powders
Risk-Taking
Vomiting
Melanoma
Fasting
Logistic Models
Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors. / Amrock, Stephen M.; Weitzman, Michael.

In: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 165-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f6ec0ee08bad43bc80452e6b2ae7c028,
title = "Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors",
abstract = "Objective: Youth indoor tanning rates remain high despite the potential for increased melanoma risk. No previous study has assessed the prevalence of unhealthy weight control behaviors in both male and female adolescent indoor tanning users using a nationally representative survey. Methods: Pooled data on high school students from the 2009 and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used (n = 26,951). Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess associations between the recent indoor tanning use and recently doing the following to lose weight: fasting for more than 24 hours; taking a pill, powder, or liquid without a doctor's consent; and vomiting or taking a laxative. Results: Pooled data showed 23.3{\%} of females reported indoor tanning within the past year; 6.5{\%} of males did so as well. Adjusted multivariate results show that females who indoor tan were, on average, more likely to have fasted (odds ratio [OR], 1.2; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.5), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 2.4; 95{\%} CI, 1.9-3.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 1.4; 95{\%} CI, 1.1-1.7) within the past 30 days than those who did not. Males who indoor tanned within the past year were, on average, more likely to have fasted (OR, 2.3; 95{\%} CI, 1.7-3.1), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 4.4; 95{\%} CI, 3.3-6.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 7.1; 95{\%} CI, 4.4-11.4) within the past 30 days. Conclusions: Significant associations between indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors exist for both male and female adolescents, with a stronger association observed among males.",
author = "Amrock, {Stephen M.} and Michael Weitzman",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/DBP.0000000000000050",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "165--171",
journal = "Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics",
issn = "0196-206X",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescent indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors

AU - Amrock, Stephen M.

AU - Weitzman, Michael

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Objective: Youth indoor tanning rates remain high despite the potential for increased melanoma risk. No previous study has assessed the prevalence of unhealthy weight control behaviors in both male and female adolescent indoor tanning users using a nationally representative survey. Methods: Pooled data on high school students from the 2009 and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used (n = 26,951). Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess associations between the recent indoor tanning use and recently doing the following to lose weight: fasting for more than 24 hours; taking a pill, powder, or liquid without a doctor's consent; and vomiting or taking a laxative. Results: Pooled data showed 23.3% of females reported indoor tanning within the past year; 6.5% of males did so as well. Adjusted multivariate results show that females who indoor tan were, on average, more likely to have fasted (odds ratio [OR], 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.5), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.9-3.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7) within the past 30 days than those who did not. Males who indoor tanned within the past year were, on average, more likely to have fasted (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.7-3.1), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 4.4; 95% CI, 3.3-6.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 4.4-11.4) within the past 30 days. Conclusions: Significant associations between indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors exist for both male and female adolescents, with a stronger association observed among males.

AB - Objective: Youth indoor tanning rates remain high despite the potential for increased melanoma risk. No previous study has assessed the prevalence of unhealthy weight control behaviors in both male and female adolescent indoor tanning users using a nationally representative survey. Methods: Pooled data on high school students from the 2009 and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used (n = 26,951). Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess associations between the recent indoor tanning use and recently doing the following to lose weight: fasting for more than 24 hours; taking a pill, powder, or liquid without a doctor's consent; and vomiting or taking a laxative. Results: Pooled data showed 23.3% of females reported indoor tanning within the past year; 6.5% of males did so as well. Adjusted multivariate results show that females who indoor tan were, on average, more likely to have fasted (odds ratio [OR], 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-1.5), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.9-3.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7) within the past 30 days than those who did not. Males who indoor tanned within the past year were, on average, more likely to have fasted (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.7-3.1), taken a pill, powder, or liquid (OR, 4.4; 95% CI, 3.3-6.0), and vomited or taken a laxative to lose weight (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 4.4-11.4) within the past 30 days. Conclusions: Significant associations between indoor tanning use and unhealthy weight control behaviors exist for both male and female adolescents, with a stronger association observed among males.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898405296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898405296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000050

DO - 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000050

M3 - Article

C2 - 24695118

AN - SCOPUS:84898405296

VL - 35

SP - 165

EP - 171

JO - Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics

JF - Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics

SN - 0196-206X

IS - 3

ER -