Adolescent expectancies, parent-adolescent communication and intentions to have sexual intercourse among inner-city, middle school youth

Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, James Jaccard, Patricia Dittus, Alida Bouris, Ian Holloway, Eileen Casillas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The incidence and prevalence of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections among American adolescents remain unacceptably high. Purpose: This research examines adolescent intentions to have sexual intercourse, their expectancies about having sexual intercourse, and maternal communication about the expectancies of engaging in sexual intercourse. Methods: Six hundred sixty-eight randomly selected inner-city middle school students and their mothers completed self-administered questionnaires. Adolescents reported their intentions to have sexual intercourse and the perceived positive and negative expectancies of doing so. Both mothers and adolescents reported on the frequency of communication about these expectancies. Results: Boys reported higher intentions, more positive expectancies, and lower levels of maternal communication than did girls. Expectancies statistically significantly associated with intentions focused on the positive physical, social, and emotional advantages of having sex rather than on concerns about pregnancy and HIV / AIDS. With some exceptions, maternal communication was associated with adolescents' expectancies about engaging in sexual intercourse. However, only modest correlations between maternal and adolescent reports of communication were observed Conclusions: Results indicate that intervention programs should address the positive expectancies youth have about having sex, not just the threat of pregnancy and HIV / AIDS, and should address potential gender differences in expectancies between boys and girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Coitus
Communication
Mothers
Pregnancy
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Students
Incidence
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Adolescent expectancies, parent-adolescent communication and intentions to have sexual intercourse among inner-city, middle school youth. / Guilamo-Ramos, Vincent; Jaccard, James; Dittus, Patricia; Bouris, Alida; Holloway, Ian; Casillas, Eileen.

In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2007, p. 56-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{98134f3baf35419086c4c0aafbd41bc1,
title = "Adolescent expectancies, parent-adolescent communication and intentions to have sexual intercourse among inner-city, middle school youth",
abstract = "Background: The incidence and prevalence of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections among American adolescents remain unacceptably high. Purpose: This research examines adolescent intentions to have sexual intercourse, their expectancies about having sexual intercourse, and maternal communication about the expectancies of engaging in sexual intercourse. Methods: Six hundred sixty-eight randomly selected inner-city middle school students and their mothers completed self-administered questionnaires. Adolescents reported their intentions to have sexual intercourse and the perceived positive and negative expectancies of doing so. Both mothers and adolescents reported on the frequency of communication about these expectancies. Results: Boys reported higher intentions, more positive expectancies, and lower levels of maternal communication than did girls. Expectancies statistically significantly associated with intentions focused on the positive physical, social, and emotional advantages of having sex rather than on concerns about pregnancy and HIV / AIDS. With some exceptions, maternal communication was associated with adolescents' expectancies about engaging in sexual intercourse. However, only modest correlations between maternal and adolescent reports of communication were observed Conclusions: Results indicate that intervention programs should address the positive expectancies youth have about having sex, not just the threat of pregnancy and HIV / AIDS, and should address potential gender differences in expectancies between boys and girls.",
author = "Vincent Guilamo-Ramos and James Jaccard and Patricia Dittus and Alida Bouris and Ian Holloway and Eileen Casillas",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1007/BF02879921",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "56--66",
journal = "Annals of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0883-6612",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescent expectancies, parent-adolescent communication and intentions to have sexual intercourse among inner-city, middle school youth

AU - Guilamo-Ramos, Vincent

AU - Jaccard, James

AU - Dittus, Patricia

AU - Bouris, Alida

AU - Holloway, Ian

AU - Casillas, Eileen

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Background: The incidence and prevalence of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections among American adolescents remain unacceptably high. Purpose: This research examines adolescent intentions to have sexual intercourse, their expectancies about having sexual intercourse, and maternal communication about the expectancies of engaging in sexual intercourse. Methods: Six hundred sixty-eight randomly selected inner-city middle school students and their mothers completed self-administered questionnaires. Adolescents reported their intentions to have sexual intercourse and the perceived positive and negative expectancies of doing so. Both mothers and adolescents reported on the frequency of communication about these expectancies. Results: Boys reported higher intentions, more positive expectancies, and lower levels of maternal communication than did girls. Expectancies statistically significantly associated with intentions focused on the positive physical, social, and emotional advantages of having sex rather than on concerns about pregnancy and HIV / AIDS. With some exceptions, maternal communication was associated with adolescents' expectancies about engaging in sexual intercourse. However, only modest correlations between maternal and adolescent reports of communication were observed Conclusions: Results indicate that intervention programs should address the positive expectancies youth have about having sex, not just the threat of pregnancy and HIV / AIDS, and should address potential gender differences in expectancies between boys and girls.

AB - Background: The incidence and prevalence of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections among American adolescents remain unacceptably high. Purpose: This research examines adolescent intentions to have sexual intercourse, their expectancies about having sexual intercourse, and maternal communication about the expectancies of engaging in sexual intercourse. Methods: Six hundred sixty-eight randomly selected inner-city middle school students and their mothers completed self-administered questionnaires. Adolescents reported their intentions to have sexual intercourse and the perceived positive and negative expectancies of doing so. Both mothers and adolescents reported on the frequency of communication about these expectancies. Results: Boys reported higher intentions, more positive expectancies, and lower levels of maternal communication than did girls. Expectancies statistically significantly associated with intentions focused on the positive physical, social, and emotional advantages of having sex rather than on concerns about pregnancy and HIV / AIDS. With some exceptions, maternal communication was associated with adolescents' expectancies about engaging in sexual intercourse. However, only modest correlations between maternal and adolescent reports of communication were observed Conclusions: Results indicate that intervention programs should address the positive expectancies youth have about having sex, not just the threat of pregnancy and HIV / AIDS, and should address potential gender differences in expectancies between boys and girls.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34748854944&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34748854944&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02879921

DO - 10.1007/BF02879921

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 56

EP - 66

JO - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Annals of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0883-6612

IS - 1

ER -