Adolescent contraceptive behavior: The impact of the provider and the structure of clinic-based programs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Objective: To characterize general trends in research on the impact of provider variables on adolescent contraceptive behavior and to identify useful frameworks for designing clinic-based programs aimed at reducing unintended adolescent pregnancy. Data Sources: A computerized search of Psychological Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, and MEDLINE identified English-language articles from 1990 to 1995 on adolescent contraceptive behavior in the United States. All relevant citations within these articles also were examined. Methods of Study Selection: Studies were selected that focused on any aspect of provider characteristics as they relate to adolescent contraceptive behavior. Tabulation, Integration, and Results: Based on a conceptual integration of the articles, three general research issues on provider characteristics were identified; 1) the effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs and provider variables that discriminate successful versus unsuccessful programs, 2) the effects of parental notification policies on adolescent clinic use, and 3) whether the presence of clinics promotes sexual activity on the part of adolescents. Issues that must be considered in the structuring of provider-based programs include the strategic focus of the program, the target behaviors, the target population, and the structuring of educational materials. Conclusion: The effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs is mixed. Parental notification of adolescent use of a clinic can, in some cases, decrease the likelihood of clinic use. There is little convincing evidence that the presence of adolescent clinics promotes sexual activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume88
Issue number3 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

Fingerprint

Contraception Behavior
Adolescent Behavior
Parental Notification
Sexual Behavior
Pregnancy in Adolescence
Health Services Needs and Demand
Information Storage and Retrieval
Research
MEDLINE
Language
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Adolescent contraceptive behavior : The impact of the provider and the structure of clinic-based programs. / Jaccard, James.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 88, No. 3 SUPPL., 09.1996.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{c682756d2e444de69d94f655329450aa,
title = "Adolescent contraceptive behavior: The impact of the provider and the structure of clinic-based programs",
abstract = "Objective: To characterize general trends in research on the impact of provider variables on adolescent contraceptive behavior and to identify useful frameworks for designing clinic-based programs aimed at reducing unintended adolescent pregnancy. Data Sources: A computerized search of Psychological Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, and MEDLINE identified English-language articles from 1990 to 1995 on adolescent contraceptive behavior in the United States. All relevant citations within these articles also were examined. Methods of Study Selection: Studies were selected that focused on any aspect of provider characteristics as they relate to adolescent contraceptive behavior. Tabulation, Integration, and Results: Based on a conceptual integration of the articles, three general research issues on provider characteristics were identified; 1) the effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs and provider variables that discriminate successful versus unsuccessful programs, 2) the effects of parental notification policies on adolescent clinic use, and 3) whether the presence of clinics promotes sexual activity on the part of adolescents. Issues that must be considered in the structuring of provider-based programs include the strategic focus of the program, the target behaviors, the target population, and the structuring of educational materials. Conclusion: The effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs is mixed. Parental notification of adolescent use of a clinic can, in some cases, decrease the likelihood of clinic use. There is little convincing evidence that the presence of adolescent clinics promotes sexual activity.",
author = "James Jaccard",
year = "1996",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/0029-7844(96)00249-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "88",
journal = "Obstetrics and Gynecology",
issn = "0029-7844",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3 SUPPL.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescent contraceptive behavior

T2 - The impact of the provider and the structure of clinic-based programs

AU - Jaccard, James

PY - 1996/9

Y1 - 1996/9

N2 - Objective: To characterize general trends in research on the impact of provider variables on adolescent contraceptive behavior and to identify useful frameworks for designing clinic-based programs aimed at reducing unintended adolescent pregnancy. Data Sources: A computerized search of Psychological Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, and MEDLINE identified English-language articles from 1990 to 1995 on adolescent contraceptive behavior in the United States. All relevant citations within these articles also were examined. Methods of Study Selection: Studies were selected that focused on any aspect of provider characteristics as they relate to adolescent contraceptive behavior. Tabulation, Integration, and Results: Based on a conceptual integration of the articles, three general research issues on provider characteristics were identified; 1) the effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs and provider variables that discriminate successful versus unsuccessful programs, 2) the effects of parental notification policies on adolescent clinic use, and 3) whether the presence of clinics promotes sexual activity on the part of adolescents. Issues that must be considered in the structuring of provider-based programs include the strategic focus of the program, the target behaviors, the target population, and the structuring of educational materials. Conclusion: The effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs is mixed. Parental notification of adolescent use of a clinic can, in some cases, decrease the likelihood of clinic use. There is little convincing evidence that the presence of adolescent clinics promotes sexual activity.

AB - Objective: To characterize general trends in research on the impact of provider variables on adolescent contraceptive behavior and to identify useful frameworks for designing clinic-based programs aimed at reducing unintended adolescent pregnancy. Data Sources: A computerized search of Psychological Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, and MEDLINE identified English-language articles from 1990 to 1995 on adolescent contraceptive behavior in the United States. All relevant citations within these articles also were examined. Methods of Study Selection: Studies were selected that focused on any aspect of provider characteristics as they relate to adolescent contraceptive behavior. Tabulation, Integration, and Results: Based on a conceptual integration of the articles, three general research issues on provider characteristics were identified; 1) the effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs and provider variables that discriminate successful versus unsuccessful programs, 2) the effects of parental notification policies on adolescent clinic use, and 3) whether the presence of clinics promotes sexual activity on the part of adolescents. Issues that must be considered in the structuring of provider-based programs include the strategic focus of the program, the target behaviors, the target population, and the structuring of educational materials. Conclusion: The effectiveness of adolescent-based clinic programs is mixed. Parental notification of adolescent use of a clinic can, in some cases, decrease the likelihood of clinic use. There is little convincing evidence that the presence of adolescent clinics promotes sexual activity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029839765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029839765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0029-7844(96)00249-9

DO - 10.1016/0029-7844(96)00249-9

M3 - Review article

C2 - 8752229

AN - SCOPUS:0029839765

VL - 88

JO - Obstetrics and Gynecology

JF - Obstetrics and Gynecology

SN - 0029-7844

IS - 3 SUPPL.

ER -