Adjustment of Children Facing the Death of a Parent Due to Cancer

Karolynn Siegel, Daniel Karus, Victoria Raveis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare predeath and postdeath levels of depression and anxiety reported by a sample of children who lost a parent to cancer ("study children") with the levels reported by children in a community sample who did not experience such a loss. Method: T scores for depressive symptomatology (Children's Depression Inventory) and state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) were compared. Both samples were weighted to control for multiple participants from the same family. Weights for children in the community sample were further adjusted to match the distribution of the two samples with regard to gender, age, and number of children in the household. Comparisons were made using nests and χ2 tests. Results: Whereas study children reported significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety in the predeath period, levels of symptomatology reported for both measures postdeath were similar in both samples. Discussion: The data suggest that while many children experiencing the loss of a parent to cancer report elevated levels of depression and anxiety predeath, by 7 to 12 months postdeath their reports of depression and anxiety are comparable with those of similarly situated children in the community who did not experience such a loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-450
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Anxiety
Neoplasms
Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Childhood bereavement
  • Parental loss
  • Psychological adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Adjustment of Children Facing the Death of a Parent Due to Cancer. / Siegel, Karolynn; Karus, Daniel; Raveis, Victoria.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.01.1996, p. 442-450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dbc77f23588349a98500956c6283a597,
title = "Adjustment of Children Facing the Death of a Parent Due to Cancer",
abstract = "Objective: To compare predeath and postdeath levels of depression and anxiety reported by a sample of children who lost a parent to cancer ({"}study children{"}) with the levels reported by children in a community sample who did not experience such a loss. Method: T scores for depressive symptomatology (Children's Depression Inventory) and state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) were compared. Both samples were weighted to control for multiple participants from the same family. Weights for children in the community sample were further adjusted to match the distribution of the two samples with regard to gender, age, and number of children in the household. Comparisons were made using nests and χ2 tests. Results: Whereas study children reported significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety in the predeath period, levels of symptomatology reported for both measures postdeath were similar in both samples. Discussion: The data suggest that while many children experiencing the loss of a parent to cancer report elevated levels of depression and anxiety predeath, by 7 to 12 months postdeath their reports of depression and anxiety are comparable with those of similarly situated children in the community who did not experience such a loss.",
keywords = "Childhood bereavement, Parental loss, Psychological adjustment",
author = "Karolynn Siegel and Daniel Karus and Victoria Raveis",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/00004583-199604000-00010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "442--450",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry",
issn = "0890-8567",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adjustment of Children Facing the Death of a Parent Due to Cancer

AU - Siegel, Karolynn

AU - Karus, Daniel

AU - Raveis, Victoria

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Objective: To compare predeath and postdeath levels of depression and anxiety reported by a sample of children who lost a parent to cancer ("study children") with the levels reported by children in a community sample who did not experience such a loss. Method: T scores for depressive symptomatology (Children's Depression Inventory) and state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) were compared. Both samples were weighted to control for multiple participants from the same family. Weights for children in the community sample were further adjusted to match the distribution of the two samples with regard to gender, age, and number of children in the household. Comparisons were made using nests and χ2 tests. Results: Whereas study children reported significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety in the predeath period, levels of symptomatology reported for both measures postdeath were similar in both samples. Discussion: The data suggest that while many children experiencing the loss of a parent to cancer report elevated levels of depression and anxiety predeath, by 7 to 12 months postdeath their reports of depression and anxiety are comparable with those of similarly situated children in the community who did not experience such a loss.

AB - Objective: To compare predeath and postdeath levels of depression and anxiety reported by a sample of children who lost a parent to cancer ("study children") with the levels reported by children in a community sample who did not experience such a loss. Method: T scores for depressive symptomatology (Children's Depression Inventory) and state and trait anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) were compared. Both samples were weighted to control for multiple participants from the same family. Weights for children in the community sample were further adjusted to match the distribution of the two samples with regard to gender, age, and number of children in the household. Comparisons were made using nests and χ2 tests. Results: Whereas study children reported significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety in the predeath period, levels of symptomatology reported for both measures postdeath were similar in both samples. Discussion: The data suggest that while many children experiencing the loss of a parent to cancer report elevated levels of depression and anxiety predeath, by 7 to 12 months postdeath their reports of depression and anxiety are comparable with those of similarly situated children in the community who did not experience such a loss.

KW - Childhood bereavement

KW - Parental loss

KW - Psychological adjustment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030113324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030113324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00004583-199604000-00010

DO - 10.1097/00004583-199604000-00010

M3 - Article

C2 - 8919706

AN - SCOPUS:0030113324

VL - 35

SP - 442

EP - 450

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

SN - 0890-8567

IS - 4

ER -