Addition of a Carbonyl End Group Increases the Rate of Excited-State Decay in a Carotenoid via Conjugation Extension and Symmetry Breaking

Soroush D. Khosravi, Michael M. Bishop, Amy M. Lafountain, Daniel Turner, George N. Gibson, Harry A. Frank, Nora Berrah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Steady-state absorption, transient absorption, and transient grating spectroscopies were employed to elucidate the role of a conjugated carbonyl group in the photophysics of carotenoids. Spheroidenone and spheroidene have similar molecular structures and differ only in an additional carbonyl group in spheroidenone. Comparison of the optical responses of these two molecules under similar experimental conditions was used to understand the role of this carbonyl group in the structure. It was found that the carbonyl group has two main effects: first, it dramatically increases the depopulation rate of the excited states of the molecule. The lifetimes of all the excited states of spheroidenone were found to be almost half of the ones for spheroidene. Second, the presence of the carbonyl group in the chain alters the decay mechanism to the symmetry-forbidden S1 state of the molecule, so that the higher vibrational levels of the S1 state are populated much more effectively. It was also revealed that for both molecules, the S2/Sx → S1(hot) → S1 decay process is not purely sequential and follows a branched model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10872-10879
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume122
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2018

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carotenoids
Carotenoids
conjugation
Excited states
broken symmetry
Molecules
decay
excitation
molecules
Molecular structure
Spectroscopy
molecular structure
gratings
life (durability)
spheroidenone
symmetry
spectroscopy
spheroidene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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Addition of a Carbonyl End Group Increases the Rate of Excited-State Decay in a Carotenoid via Conjugation Extension and Symmetry Breaking. / Khosravi, Soroush D.; Bishop, Michael M.; Lafountain, Amy M.; Turner, Daniel; Gibson, George N.; Frank, Harry A.; Berrah, Nora.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 122, No. 48, 06.12.2018, p. 10872-10879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khosravi, Soroush D. ; Bishop, Michael M. ; Lafountain, Amy M. ; Turner, Daniel ; Gibson, George N. ; Frank, Harry A. ; Berrah, Nora. / Addition of a Carbonyl End Group Increases the Rate of Excited-State Decay in a Carotenoid via Conjugation Extension and Symmetry Breaking. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2018 ; Vol. 122, No. 48. pp. 10872-10879.
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