A sub-1-volt analog metal oxide memristive-based synaptic device with large conductance change for energy-efficient spike-based computing systems

Cheng Chih Hsieh, Anupam Roy, Yao Feng Chang, Davood Shahrjerdi, Sanjay K. Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nanoscale metal oxide memristors have potential in the development of brain-inspired computing systems that are scalable and efficient. In such systems, memristors represent the native electronic analogues of the biological synapses. In this work, we show cerium oxide based bilayer memristors that are forming-free, low-voltage (∼|0.8 V|), energy-efficient (full on/off switching at ∼8 pJ with 20 ns pulses, intermediate states switching at ∼fJ), and reliable. Furthermore, pulse measurements reveal the analog nature of the memristive device; that is, it can directly be programmed to intermediate resistance states. Leveraging this finding, we demonstrate spike-timing-dependent plasticity, a spike-based Hebbian learning rule. In those experiments, the memristor exhibits a marked change in the normalized synaptic strength (>30 times), when the pre- and post-synaptic neural spikes overlap. This demonstration is an important step towards the physical construction of high density and high connectivity neural networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number223501
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2016

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spikes
metal oxides
analogs
synapses
cerium oxides
pulses
plastic properties
low voltage
learning
brain
energy
time measurement
electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

A sub-1-volt analog metal oxide memristive-based synaptic device with large conductance change for energy-efficient spike-based computing systems. / Hsieh, Cheng Chih; Roy, Anupam; Chang, Yao Feng; Shahrjerdi, Davood; Banerjee, Sanjay K.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 109, No. 22, 223501, 28.11.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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