A simple model for the prediction of CO2 solubility in H2O-NaCl system at geological sequestration conditions

N. A. Darwish, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) released in the atmosphere is the principal cause of the so-called global warming or greenhouse phenomenon. One procedure for the mitigation of CO2 consists of the capture, transport and geological storage (sequestration) of the gas in deep saline aquifers. In this work, a model for predicting CO2 solubility in H2O-NaCl system covering conditions typically encountered in geological sequestration (e.g., 300-500 K, 50-2000 bar, and 1-4 mol salt/kg) has been developed and validated by comparison with available experimental and theoretical data. Themodel is a simple one with four adjustable parameters that is based on an extension of the well-known Setschenov model [Kgs /Kg0=(P/P0)f(Tr,m) with f(Tr,m)=(0.461+0.078 m) (-1+Tr/(1.0+0.1267 m)]. The model is developed by exploiting interesting features in the behavior of solubility data of CO2 in saline water over the above-mentioned ranges of conditions. The model is capable of predicting CO2 solubility in saline water with accuracy comparable to that made by multi-parameter models (having 20 parameters or more). It is also in very good agreement with the available experimental data with root-mean-squared-error (RMSE) in the range of 0.03-0.225 mol CO2/kg H2O. The extrapolative power of the model is acceptable at both ends of its range of applicability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-118
Number of pages5
JournalDesalination
Volume260
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

solubility
Solubility
prediction
Saline water
Greenhouses
Global warming
Aquifers
Carbon Dioxide
global warming
Carbon dioxide
mitigation
Salts
carbon dioxide
Gases
aquifer
salt
water
atmosphere
gas
parameter

Keywords

  • Salting out
  • Sequestration
  • Setschenov model
  • Solubility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

A simple model for the prediction of CO2 solubility in H2O-NaCl system at geological sequestration conditions. / Darwish, N. A.; Hilal, Nidal.

In: Desalination, Vol. 260, No. 1-3, 01.01.2010, p. 114-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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