A SEARCH for VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAYS from the MISSING LINK BINARY PULSAR J1023+0038 with VERITAS

E. Aliu, S. Archambault, A. Archer, W. Benbow, R. Bird, J. Biteau, M. Buchovecky, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, K. Byrum, J. V. Cardenzana, M. Cerruti, X. Chen, L. Ciupik, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, H. J. Dickinson, J. D. Eisch, A. Falcone, Q. FengJ. P. Finley, H. Fleischhack, A. Flinders, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, G. H. Gillanders, S. Griffin, J. Grube, G. Gyuk, M. H�tten, N. H�kansson, J. Holder, T. B. Humensky, C. A. Johnson, P. Kaaret, P. Kar, N. Kelley-Hoskins, M. Kertzman, D. Kieda, M. Krause, M. J. Lang, A. Loo, G. Maier, S. McArthur, A. McCann, K. Meagher, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, T. Nguyen, D. Nieto, A. O.Faol�in De Bhr�ithe, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, D. Pandel, N. Park, V. Pelassa, A. Petrashyk, M. Pohl, A. Popkow, E. Pueschel, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, C. Rulten, M. Santander, G. H. Sembroski, K. Shahinyan, A. W. Smith, D. Staszak, I. Telezhinsky, J. V. Tucci, J. Tyler, A. Varlotta, S. Vincent, S. P. Wakely, O. M. Weiner, A. Weinstein, A. Wilhelm, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer, M. Chernyakova, Mallory Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The binary millisecond radio pulsar PSR J1023+0038 exhibits many characteristics similar to the gamma-ray binary system PSR B1259-63/LS 2883, making it an ideal candidate for the study of high-energy nonthermal emission. It has been the subject of multiwavelength campaigns following the disappearance of the pulsed radio emission in 2013 June, which revealed the appearance of an accretion disk around the neutron star. We present the results of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray observations carried out by the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System before and after this change of state. Searches for steady and pulsed emission of both data sets yield no significant gamma-ray signal above 100 GeV, and upper limits are given for both a steady and pulsed gamma-ray flux. These upper limits are used to constrain the magnetic field strength in the shock region of the PSR J1023+0038 system. Assuming that VHE gamma rays are produced via an inverse Compton mechanism in the shock region, we constrain the shock magnetic field to be greater than ∼2 G before the disappearance of the radio pulsar and greater than ∼10 G afterward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number193
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume831
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2016

Fingerprint

pulsars
gamma rays
radio
magnetic field
shock
energy
energetics
nonthermal radiation
accretion
radio emission
magnetic fields
accretion disks
neutron stars
field strength
telescopes
radiation

Keywords

  • binaries: general
  • gamma rays: general
  • pulsars: general
  • pulsars: individual (PSR J1023+0038)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

A SEARCH for VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAYS from the MISSING LINK BINARY PULSAR J1023+0038 with VERITAS. / Aliu, E.; Archambault, S.; Archer, A.; Benbow, W.; Bird, R.; Biteau, J.; Buchovecky, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Byrum, K.; Cardenzana, J. V.; Cerruti, M.; Chen, X.; Ciupik, L.; Connolly, M. P.; Cui, W.; Dickinson, H. J.; Eisch, J. D.; Falcone, A.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P.; Fleischhack, H.; Flinders, A.; Fortin, P.; Fortson, L.; Furniss, A.; Gillanders, G. H.; Griffin, S.; Grube, J.; Gyuk, G.; H�tten, M.; H�kansson, N.; Holder, J.; Humensky, T. B.; Johnson, C. A.; Kaaret, P.; Kar, P.; Kelley-Hoskins, N.; Kertzman, M.; Kieda, D.; Krause, M.; Lang, M. J.; Loo, A.; Maier, G.; McArthur, S.; McCann, A.; Meagher, K.; Moriarty, P.; Mukherjee, R.; Nguyen, T.; Nieto, D.; Bhr�ithe, A. O.Faol�in De; Ong, R. A.; Otte, A. N.; Pandel, D.; Park, N.; Pelassa, V.; Petrashyk, A.; Pohl, M.; Popkow, A.; Pueschel, E.; Quinn, J.; Ragan, K.; Reynolds, P. T.; Richards, G. T.; Roache, E.; Rulten, C.; Santander, M.; Sembroski, G. H.; Shahinyan, K.; Smith, A. W.; Staszak, D.; Telezhinsky, I.; Tucci, J. V.; Tyler, J.; Varlotta, A.; Vincent, S.; Wakely, S. P.; Weiner, O. M.; Weinstein, A.; Wilhelm, A.; Williams, D. A.; Zitzer, B.; Chernyakova, M.; Roberts, Mallory.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 831, No. 2, 193, 10.11.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aliu, E, Archambault, S, Archer, A, Benbow, W, Bird, R, Biteau, J, Buchovecky, M, Buckley, JH, Bugaev, V, Byrum, K, Cardenzana, JV, Cerruti, M, Chen, X, Ciupik, L, Connolly, MP, Cui, W, Dickinson, HJ, Eisch, JD, Falcone, A, Feng, Q, Finley, JP, Fleischhack, H, Flinders, A, Fortin, P, Fortson, L, Furniss, A, Gillanders, GH, Griffin, S, Grube, J, Gyuk, G, H�tten, M, H�kansson, N, Holder, J, Humensky, TB, Johnson, CA, Kaaret, P, Kar, P, Kelley-Hoskins, N, Kertzman, M, Kieda, D, Krause, M, Lang, MJ, Loo, A, Maier, G, McArthur, S, McCann, A, Meagher, K, Moriarty, P, Mukherjee, R, Nguyen, T, Nieto, D, Bhr�ithe, AOFD, Ong, RA, Otte, AN, Pandel, D, Park, N, Pelassa, V, Petrashyk, A, Pohl, M, Popkow, A, Pueschel, E, Quinn, J, Ragan, K, Reynolds, PT, Richards, GT, Roache, E, Rulten, C, Santander, M, Sembroski, GH, Shahinyan, K, Smith, AW, Staszak, D, Telezhinsky, I, Tucci, JV, Tyler, J, Varlotta, A, Vincent, S, Wakely, SP, Weiner, OM, Weinstein, A, Wilhelm, A, Williams, DA, Zitzer, B, Chernyakova, M & Roberts, M 2016, 'A SEARCH for VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAYS from the MISSING LINK BINARY PULSAR J1023+0038 with VERITAS', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 831, no. 2, 193. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/831/2/193
Aliu, E. ; Archambault, S. ; Archer, A. ; Benbow, W. ; Bird, R. ; Biteau, J. ; Buchovecky, M. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Bugaev, V. ; Byrum, K. ; Cardenzana, J. V. ; Cerruti, M. ; Chen, X. ; Ciupik, L. ; Connolly, M. P. ; Cui, W. ; Dickinson, H. J. ; Eisch, J. D. ; Falcone, A. ; Feng, Q. ; Finley, J. P. ; Fleischhack, H. ; Flinders, A. ; Fortin, P. ; Fortson, L. ; Furniss, A. ; Gillanders, G. H. ; Griffin, S. ; Grube, J. ; Gyuk, G. ; H�tten, M. ; H�kansson, N. ; Holder, J. ; Humensky, T. B. ; Johnson, C. A. ; Kaaret, P. ; Kar, P. ; Kelley-Hoskins, N. ; Kertzman, M. ; Kieda, D. ; Krause, M. ; Lang, M. J. ; Loo, A. ; Maier, G. ; McArthur, S. ; McCann, A. ; Meagher, K. ; Moriarty, P. ; Mukherjee, R. ; Nguyen, T. ; Nieto, D. ; Bhr�ithe, A. O.Faol�in De ; Ong, R. A. ; Otte, A. N. ; Pandel, D. ; Park, N. ; Pelassa, V. ; Petrashyk, A. ; Pohl, M. ; Popkow, A. ; Pueschel, E. ; Quinn, J. ; Ragan, K. ; Reynolds, P. T. ; Richards, G. T. ; Roache, E. ; Rulten, C. ; Santander, M. ; Sembroski, G. H. ; Shahinyan, K. ; Smith, A. W. ; Staszak, D. ; Telezhinsky, I. ; Tucci, J. V. ; Tyler, J. ; Varlotta, A. ; Vincent, S. ; Wakely, S. P. ; Weiner, O. M. ; Weinstein, A. ; Wilhelm, A. ; Williams, D. A. ; Zitzer, B. ; Chernyakova, M. ; Roberts, Mallory. / A SEARCH for VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAYS from the MISSING LINK BINARY PULSAR J1023+0038 with VERITAS. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 831, No. 2.
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abstract = "The binary millisecond radio pulsar PSR J1023+0038 exhibits many characteristics similar to the gamma-ray binary system PSR B1259-63/LS 2883, making it an ideal candidate for the study of high-energy nonthermal emission. It has been the subject of multiwavelength campaigns following the disappearance of the pulsed radio emission in 2013 June, which revealed the appearance of an accretion disk around the neutron star. We present the results of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray observations carried out by the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System before and after this change of state. Searches for steady and pulsed emission of both data sets yield no significant gamma-ray signal above 100 GeV, and upper limits are given for both a steady and pulsed gamma-ray flux. These upper limits are used to constrain the magnetic field strength in the shock region of the PSR J1023+0038 system. Assuming that VHE gamma rays are produced via an inverse Compton mechanism in the shock region, we constrain the shock magnetic field to be greater than ∼2 G before the disappearance of the radio pulsar and greater than ∼10 G afterward.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A SEARCH for VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA RAYS from the MISSING LINK BINARY PULSAR J1023+0038 with VERITAS

AU - Aliu, E.

AU - Archambault, S.

AU - Archer, A.

AU - Benbow, W.

AU - Bird, R.

AU - Biteau, J.

AU - Buchovecky, M.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Bugaev, V.

AU - Byrum, K.

AU - Cardenzana, J. V.

AU - Cerruti, M.

AU - Chen, X.

AU - Ciupik, L.

AU - Connolly, M. P.

AU - Cui, W.

AU - Dickinson, H. J.

AU - Eisch, J. D.

AU - Falcone, A.

AU - Feng, Q.

AU - Finley, J. P.

AU - Fleischhack, H.

AU - Flinders, A.

AU - Fortin, P.

AU - Fortson, L.

AU - Furniss, A.

AU - Gillanders, G. H.

AU - Griffin, S.

AU - Grube, J.

AU - Gyuk, G.

AU - H�tten, M.

AU - H�kansson, N.

AU - Holder, J.

AU - Humensky, T. B.

AU - Johnson, C. A.

AU - Kaaret, P.

AU - Kar, P.

AU - Kelley-Hoskins, N.

AU - Kertzman, M.

AU - Kieda, D.

AU - Krause, M.

AU - Lang, M. J.

AU - Loo, A.

AU - Maier, G.

AU - McArthur, S.

AU - McCann, A.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Moriarty, P.

AU - Mukherjee, R.

AU - Nguyen, T.

AU - Nieto, D.

AU - Bhr�ithe, A. O.Faol�in De

AU - Ong, R. A.

AU - Otte, A. N.

AU - Pandel, D.

AU - Park, N.

AU - Pelassa, V.

AU - Petrashyk, A.

AU - Pohl, M.

AU - Popkow, A.

AU - Pueschel, E.

AU - Quinn, J.

AU - Ragan, K.

AU - Reynolds, P. T.

AU - Richards, G. T.

AU - Roache, E.

AU - Rulten, C.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sembroski, G. H.

AU - Shahinyan, K.

AU - Smith, A. W.

AU - Staszak, D.

AU - Telezhinsky, I.

AU - Tucci, J. V.

AU - Tyler, J.

AU - Varlotta, A.

AU - Vincent, S.

AU - Wakely, S. P.

AU - Weiner, O. M.

AU - Weinstein, A.

AU - Wilhelm, A.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Zitzer, B.

AU - Chernyakova, M.

AU - Roberts, Mallory

PY - 2016/11/10

Y1 - 2016/11/10

N2 - The binary millisecond radio pulsar PSR J1023+0038 exhibits many characteristics similar to the gamma-ray binary system PSR B1259-63/LS 2883, making it an ideal candidate for the study of high-energy nonthermal emission. It has been the subject of multiwavelength campaigns following the disappearance of the pulsed radio emission in 2013 June, which revealed the appearance of an accretion disk around the neutron star. We present the results of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray observations carried out by the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System before and after this change of state. Searches for steady and pulsed emission of both data sets yield no significant gamma-ray signal above 100 GeV, and upper limits are given for both a steady and pulsed gamma-ray flux. These upper limits are used to constrain the magnetic field strength in the shock region of the PSR J1023+0038 system. Assuming that VHE gamma rays are produced via an inverse Compton mechanism in the shock region, we constrain the shock magnetic field to be greater than ∼2 G before the disappearance of the radio pulsar and greater than ∼10 G afterward.

AB - The binary millisecond radio pulsar PSR J1023+0038 exhibits many characteristics similar to the gamma-ray binary system PSR B1259-63/LS 2883, making it an ideal candidate for the study of high-energy nonthermal emission. It has been the subject of multiwavelength campaigns following the disappearance of the pulsed radio emission in 2013 June, which revealed the appearance of an accretion disk around the neutron star. We present the results of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray observations carried out by the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System before and after this change of state. Searches for steady and pulsed emission of both data sets yield no significant gamma-ray signal above 100 GeV, and upper limits are given for both a steady and pulsed gamma-ray flux. These upper limits are used to constrain the magnetic field strength in the shock region of the PSR J1023+0038 system. Assuming that VHE gamma rays are produced via an inverse Compton mechanism in the shock region, we constrain the shock magnetic field to be greater than ∼2 G before the disappearance of the radio pulsar and greater than ∼10 G afterward.

KW - binaries: general

KW - gamma rays: general

KW - pulsars: general

KW - pulsars: individual (PSR J1023+0038)

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