A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals

Paul D. Cleary, Nancy Van Devanter, Melanie Steilen, Ann Stuart, Ruth Shipton-Levy, William McMullen, Theresa F. Rogers, Eleanor Singer, Jerry Avorn, Johanna Pindyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of an intervention for providing information and support to HIV-positive donors on changes in their sexual behavior, and to assess which donor characteristics are predictive of behavior change. Design: Subjects were randomly assigned to a structured intervention or community referral group. Follow-up assessments were conducted every 6 months. Setting: New York City, New York, USA. Participants: A cohort of 271 HIV-infected persons who donated blood to the New York Blood Center. intervention: Donors randomized to the structured intervention program met individually with a nurse for counseling and were offered a six-session support group. The program was designed to provide information, encourage safer sexual behavior and provide support. Main outcome measures: Sexual behavior, psychological distress and psychological help seeking, and immune function. Results: In both groups there was a large decrease over time in reports of unsafe sexual activity. However, more than 30% of participants in both groups reported unsafe sexual activity at the 1-year follow-up visit. Donors randomized to the structured intervention program did not report significantly more behavior change at the 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: Better programs to promote behavior change in seropositive individuals are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1271-1278
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS
Volume9
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1995

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Sexual Behavior
HIV
Education
Tissue Donors
Psychology
Self-Help Groups
Counseling
Referral and Consultation
Nurses
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Behavior change
  • Education
  • HIV
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Cleary, P. D., Van Devanter, N., Steilen, M., Stuart, A., Shipton-Levy, R., McMullen, W., ... Pindyck, J. (1995). A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals. AIDS, 9(11), 1271-1278.

A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals. / Cleary, Paul D.; Van Devanter, Nancy; Steilen, Melanie; Stuart, Ann; Shipton-Levy, Ruth; McMullen, William; Rogers, Theresa F.; Singer, Eleanor; Avorn, Jerry; Pindyck, Johanna.

In: AIDS, Vol. 9, No. 11, 11.1995, p. 1271-1278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cleary, PD, Van Devanter, N, Steilen, M, Stuart, A, Shipton-Levy, R, McMullen, W, Rogers, TF, Singer, E, Avorn, J & Pindyck, J 1995, 'A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals', AIDS, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 1271-1278.
Cleary PD, Van Devanter N, Steilen M, Stuart A, Shipton-Levy R, McMullen W et al. A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals. AIDS. 1995 Nov;9(11):1271-1278.
Cleary, Paul D. ; Van Devanter, Nancy ; Steilen, Melanie ; Stuart, Ann ; Shipton-Levy, Ruth ; McMullen, William ; Rogers, Theresa F. ; Singer, Eleanor ; Avorn, Jerry ; Pindyck, Johanna. / A randomized trial of an education and support program for HIV-infected individuals. In: AIDS. 1995 ; Vol. 9, No. 11. pp. 1271-1278.
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