A Pilot Study of the Effectiveness of Using Leisure versus Activities of Daily Living to Increase Standing Tolerance in the Elderly Population

Tracy Chippendale, Ruth Segal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate whether leisure activities are more effective than activities of daily living (ADL) in improving standing tolerance in an elderly population. Method. A single-case study AB design was used with five participants over the age of 75, who did not have adequate standing tolerance to complete their ADL. Baseline of standing tolerance was established while the participants performed ADL. Subsequent standing trials incorporated leisure activities. Results. Graphical analysis was used to demonstrate that for the five participants in this study, leisure activities were more effective than ADL in improving standing tolerance. Conclusions. Leisure activities can be used as an effective treatment tool to improve standing tolerance in the elderly. Further study is suggested to enable generalization of these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-56
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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Leisure Activities
Activities of Daily Living
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Enjoyable occupation
  • Meaningful occupation
  • Occupational therapy intervention
  • activities of daily living
  • standing tolerance
  • elders
  • geriatrics
  • older adults
  • elderly populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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title = "A Pilot Study of the Effectiveness of Using Leisure versus Activities of Daily Living to Increase Standing Tolerance in the Elderly Population",
abstract = "Objectives. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate whether leisure activities are more effective than activities of daily living (ADL) in improving standing tolerance in an elderly population. Method. A single-case study AB design was used with five participants over the age of 75, who did not have adequate standing tolerance to complete their ADL. Baseline of standing tolerance was established while the participants performed ADL. Subsequent standing trials incorporated leisure activities. Results. Graphical analysis was used to demonstrate that for the five participants in this study, leisure activities were more effective than ADL in improving standing tolerance. Conclusions. Leisure activities can be used as an effective treatment tool to improve standing tolerance in the elderly. Further study is suggested to enable generalization of these results.",
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N2 - Objectives. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate whether leisure activities are more effective than activities of daily living (ADL) in improving standing tolerance in an elderly population. Method. A single-case study AB design was used with five participants over the age of 75, who did not have adequate standing tolerance to complete their ADL. Baseline of standing tolerance was established while the participants performed ADL. Subsequent standing trials incorporated leisure activities. Results. Graphical analysis was used to demonstrate that for the five participants in this study, leisure activities were more effective than ADL in improving standing tolerance. Conclusions. Leisure activities can be used as an effective treatment tool to improve standing tolerance in the elderly. Further study is suggested to enable generalization of these results.

AB - Objectives. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate whether leisure activities are more effective than activities of daily living (ADL) in improving standing tolerance in an elderly population. Method. A single-case study AB design was used with five participants over the age of 75, who did not have adequate standing tolerance to complete their ADL. Baseline of standing tolerance was established while the participants performed ADL. Subsequent standing trials incorporated leisure activities. Results. Graphical analysis was used to demonstrate that for the five participants in this study, leisure activities were more effective than ADL in improving standing tolerance. Conclusions. Leisure activities can be used as an effective treatment tool to improve standing tolerance in the elderly. Further study is suggested to enable generalization of these results.

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